North and South Korea divide


OB-TX598_NSKORE_DV_20120726162902My thoughts on North and South Korea:

For as long as I can remember there has been unrest from Both North Korea and South Korea. Yet it’s a lovely country to visit and in my eyes it’s one country that is divided in their internal affairs or rather at logger heads with each other.

In most cases both China and Russia always come to the rescue of the North Korea. Some will say that they should stand by the North Korea comrades. I would advocate that the North Korean leader is following in his father footsteps and this is a dangerous ground. It’s about time that both North and South Korea return to the negotiating table to come to a mutual agreement which will lead to everlasting peace.
china-korea-unstable-crop-603x523I can understand why China would still get involved but it’s about time that both USA and China let Korea sort out their on self-determination for once for all as I’m of the opinion that the hard liners in the North are pulling the strings of their new young leader to test his leadership.

Granted there is a conflict of interest with China, and USA as each sides offer aid to both North and South Korea with aid but lets look back at the time when both North and South Korea (25 June 1950 – 27 July 1953)  Korean War

link.korea.map.cnnHistorically, the Korean Peninsula was occupied by only Korea and it was ruled by several different dynasties, as well as the Japanese and the Chinese. From 1910 to 1945 for example, Korea was controlled by the Japanese and it was mostly controlled from Tokyo as a part of the Empire of Japan.

Toward the end of World War II, the Soviet Union (USSR) declared war on Japan and by August 10, 1945, it occupied the northern part of the Korean Peninsula. At the end of the war, Korea was then divided into northern and southern portions at the 38th parallel by the Allies at the Potsdam Conference. The United States was to administer the southern part, while the USSR administered the northern area.

This division started the conflicts between the two areas of Korea because the northern region followed the USSR and became communist, while the south opposed this form of government and formed a strong anti-communist, capitalist government. As a result, in July of 1948, the anti-communist southern region drafted a constitution and began to hold national elections which were subjected to terrorism. However, on August 15, 1948, the Republic of Korea (South Korea) was officially founded and Syngman Rhee was elected as president. Shortly thereafter the USSR established a Communist North Korean Government called the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) with Kim Il-Sung as its leader.

Once the two Koreas were formally established, Rhee and Il-Sung worked to reunify Korea. This caused conflicts though because each wanted to unify the area under their own political system and rival governments were established. In addition, North Korea was heavily supported by the USSR and China and fighting along the border of North and South Korea was not uncommon.

By 1950, the conflicts on the border of North and South Korea led to the beginning of the Korean War. On June 25, 1950, North Korea invaded South Korea and almost immediately the United Nations member states began to send aid to South Korea. North Korea was however, able to quickly advance south by September 1950. By October though, U.N. forces were able to again move the fighting north and on October 19, North Korea’s capital, Pyongyang was taken. In November, Chinese forces joined North Korean forces and the fighting was then moved back south and in January 1951, South Korea’s capital, Seoul was taken.

In the months that followed, heavy fighting ensued but the center of the conflict was near the 38th parallel. Although peace negotiations began in July of 1951, fighting continued throughout 1951 and 1952. On July 27 1953, peace negotiations ended and the Demilitarized Zone was formed. Shortly thereafter, an Armistice Agreement was signed by the Korean People’s Army, the Chinese People’s Volunteers and the United Nations Command, which was led by the U.S. South Korea however, never signed the agreement and to this day an official peace treaty has never been signed between North and South Korea.

Today’s Tensions

Since the end of the Korean War, tensions between North and South Korea have remained. For example according to CNN, in 1968, North Korea unsuccessfully attempted to assassinate South Korea’s president. In 1983, a bombing in Myanmar that was linked to North Korea, killed 17 South Korean officials and in 1987, North Korea was accused of bombing a South Korean airplane. Fighting has also repeatedly occurred both land and sea borders because each nation is continually trying to unify the peninsula with its own system of government.

In 2010, tensions between North and South Korea were especially high after a South Korean warship was sunk on March 26. South Korea claims that North Korea sunk the Cheonan in the Yellow Sea off the South Korean island of Baengnyeong. North Korea denied responsibility for the attack and tensions between the two nations have been high ever since.

Most recently on November 23, 2010, North Korea launched an artillery attack on the South Korean island of Yeonpyeong. North Korea claims that South Korea was conducting “war maneuvers” but South Korea states that it was conducting maritime military drills. Yeonpyeong was also attacked in January 2009. It is located near a maritime border between the countries that North Korea wants moved south. Since the attacks South Korea began practicing military drills in early December.I have nothing against for any country to be self reliant but when it comes to protect our country with Trident Missiles I somehow believe it is time to come up with other alternatives. One the one hand the coalition alleges to be saving money on the budget and cutting our beloved Welfare State they managed to find funding on killing machines which does not add up.

I sometimes wonder each time North Korea says they will do whatever the USA plays into their hands by responding to the north by moving missiles defence shields to Guam.In light of recent comments from both President Obama and Prime Minister David Cameron it’s no wondering why both see Korea(North) was a threat yet they more aid to Africa and what they give to Korea is a mere pittance. Here comes the interesting part the United States of America only interest is to eradicate communism which the USA has a long history just look at Cuba and Guantanamo Bay

I have nothing against for any country to be self reliant but when it comes to protect our country with Trident Missiles I somehow believe it is time to come up with other alternatives. One the one hand the coalition alleges to be saving money on the budget and cutting our beloved Welfare State they managed to find funding on killing machines which does not add up.

Some would say that I’m taking soundings from Campaign Against Nuclear Disarmament (CND) let me make it quite clear which I’m sure many CAD members will tell you that I’m no longer a member for the past 23 years and I can confirm that their ideology has some way to go in taking the lead in this field but then there have been many who like me who joined but decided to take other directions in life like bring up children and more interest in family life and bread and butter issues. Yet I commend them for keeping the struggle alive which many don’t do enough my CND friends and comrades still enjoy a gathering once in a blue moon.

Some would say that I’m taking soundings from Campaign Against Nuclear Disarmament (CND) let me make it quite clear which I’m sure many (CND) members will inform you that I’m no longer a member for the past 23 years and I can confirm that their ideology has some way to go in taking the lead in this field but then there have been many who like me who joined but decided to take other directions in life like bring up children and more interest in family life and bread and butter issues. Yet I commend them for keeping the struggle alive which many don’t do enough my CND friends and comrades still enjoy a gathering once in a blue moon.

There are many of us both in China and Korea would love to return to our beloved country one day but as it stands we can not because when we speak of our land(China and Korea) we can not forget the about the Human Rights Abuse caused by the dictators with no proper democratic elections where the Republic of China and Korea citizens can choose our future leaders and be able to speak freely without the fear of being arrested and openly being executed by the regimes.

Many Chinese and Koreans abroad who speaks of the days of the past but it’s up to our future generations to take on the changes to help rebuild our lands and to ensure that we have free elections and prosperity to both China and Korea whist most of us are free in the Western World to be educated lets not forget that there are those who does not have the opportunities in both China and Korea as they not belong to the elite and rich. whilst the rich are allowed to move with some freedom there are those who are not so fortunate as we continue our struggle the answer is yes we can by not through education but through mass peaceful protest and by letting the UN into both countries to monitor the situation and by leading by example.

With this in mind  I take leave by leaving you all with a song by Bob Marley:

Until the philosophy which hold one race superior
And another
Inferior
Is finally
And permanently
Discredited
And abandoned –
Everywhere is war –
Me say war.

That until there no longer
First class and second class citizens of any nation
Until the colour of a man’s skin
Is of no more significance than the colour of his eyes –
Me say war.

That until the basic human rights
Are equally guaranteed to all,
Without regard to race –
Dis a war.

That until that day
The dream of lasting peace,
World citizenship
Rule of international morality
Will remain in but a fleeting illusion to be pursued,
But never attained –
Now everywhere is war – war.

And until the ignoble and unhappy regimes
that hold our brothers in Angola,
In Mozambique,
South Africa
Sub-human bondage
Have been toppled,
Utterly destroyed –
Well, everywhere is war –
Me say war.

War in the east,
War in the west,
War up north,
War down south –
War – war –
Rumours of war.
And until that day,
The African continent
Will not know peace,
We Africans will fight – we find it necessary –
And we know we shall win
As we are confident
In the victory

Of good over evil –
Good over evil, yeah!
Good over evil –
Good over evil, yeah!
Good over evil –
Good over evil, yeah!

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