Recently I read very intriguing article whilst I was on a train journey back to London for business meeting and after the meeting would be used for pleasure time to visit my place of birth just outside London.
I’m still have strong concerns how some parts of our society will not accept immigrants entering our country given that in today’s society we actively continue to promote multiculturalism and diversity yet there are far right parties and groups in our country that continues to promote bigotry policies as an easy solutions to an on-going problems of immigration.
As a nation we should be proud of our strong heritage of promoting immigration which has brought employment for the many and not the few. Instead of love thy neighbour’s far right groups exploit it to say hate thy neighbours if they are from European and other countries which helped our beloved nation.
They has the very cheek to play the blame game by using unemployment, and lack of housing, to justify to the white working class and lower middle incomes to vote for their party I make reference to the following Far Right Parties:
British National Party(BNP), Britain First, English Democrat, and UKIP( United Kingdom Independence Party(UKIP)
To add insult to injury Channel 5 recently showed a documentary entitled Illegal Immigrants and proud which plays into the above far right groups if you have not watch it then I would recommend all my readers to watch the programme if you did not had the opportunity to watch then you have been saved by the insults it presents to the views.
In a timely show following last week’s UKIP stampede on the European elections, tonight’s ‘Illegal Immigrant and Proud’ show on Channel 5 follows a group of people who’ve settled into the UK illegally, and are living their lives beneath the radar of the authorities.
At a refugee camp outside Calais, one Afghan man reveals exactly what tricks he plans to stow himself away and get secretly into the UK.
Among the groups the Nazi regime and its Axis partners singled out for persecution on so-called racial grounds were the Roma(Gypsies).
Drawing support from many non-Nazi Germans who harbored social prejudice towards Roma, the Nazis judged Roma to be “racially inferior.” The fate of Roma in some ways paralleled that of the Jews. Under the Nazi regime, German authorities subjected Roma to arbitrary internment, forced labor, and mass murder. German authorities murdered tens of thousands of Roma in the German-occupied territories of the Soviet Union and Serbia and thousands more in the killing centers at Auschwitz-Birkenau, Chelmno, Belzec, Sobibor, andTreblinka. The SS and police incarcerated Roma in the Bergen-Belsen,Sachsenhausen, Buchenwald, Dachau,Mauthausen, and Ravensbrückconcentration camps. Both in the so-called Greater German Reich and in the so-called Generalgouvernement, German civilian authorities managed several forced-labor camps in which they incarcerated Roma.
German authorities did deport some Roma from the Greater German Reich to occupied Poland in 1940 and 1941. In May 1940, the SS and police deported approximately 2,500 Roma and Sinti, primarily residents of Hamburg and Bremen, to Lublin District in the Generalgouvernement. SS and police authorities incarcerated them in forced labor camps. The conditions under which they had to live and work proved to be lethal to many of them. The fate of the survivors is unknown; it is likely that the SS murdered those who were still alive in the gas chamber of Belzec, Sobibor, or Treblinka. In the autumn of 1941, German police authorities deported 5,007 Sinti and Lalleri Gypsies from Austria to the ghetto for Jews in Lodz, where they resided in a segregated section. Nearly half of the Roma died within the first months of their arrival, due to lack of adequate food, fuel, shelter, and medicines. German SS and police officials deported those who survived these dreadful conditions to the killing center at Chelmno in the first months of 1942. There, along with tens of thousands of Jewish residents of the Lodz ghetto, the Roma died in gas vans, poisoned by carbon monoxide gas.
More than 3.5million soldiers from the Asian subcontinent fought for Britain in the two conflicts, with tens of thousands killed in action.
The 2.5million men and women who came over to do their bit in World War II became the biggest volunteer force in history.
‘We need to remind not only the Muslim community but also the general public that the Muslim contribution to the defence of this nation runs deep,’ said secretary general Farooq Murad of the Muslim Council of Britain.
During World War I, Muslim troops in the Indian Army fought on the Western Front. By the end of the Great War, India had sent more than 1million troops. More than 47,000 died and 65,000 were wounded.
In World War II, 2.5million men and women fought for Britain, with 36,092 killed, 64,354 wounded and almost 80,000 taken prisoner.
Among the volunteers was Noor Inayat Khan, a radio operator for the Special Operations Executive.
She was parachuted into France in 1943 to send messages from the Resistance to London. Khan was eventually captured and tortured.
The Germans classified her ‘highly dangerous’ and she was sent to Dachau, where she was executed in 1944.
As the allied nations stepped ever closer to a second global conflict, this time with the Imperial Japanese and the Germans, Sikh soldiers once again stepped forward as the mainstay of the British Indian Army. Despite the rising voice of dissent by Indians for Independence, volunteer numbers were not at all effected. Sikhs still made up a disproportionate quantity of the forces that India gave to the war effort. Sikhs again fought on a number of fronts, where Sikh units were largely deployed.
India entered the war when the then Viceroy of India, Lord Linlithgow, without consulting Indian leaders, declared war against Germany on behalf of India. A sharply divided debate ensued and Indians split along the role that they should play in the war in the west. Traditionally Indian soldiers had played a lead role in Britain’s battles to date, however a significant number of nationalists disliked Britain taking their support for granted and a call for British commitment to independence was called before they could expect India’s cooperation in the war effort. The debate came to a culmination when Mahatma Gandhi launched the “Quit India” movement in August 1942.
The Chinese WW2:
With the December 1941 Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, the Second Sino-Japanese War, which had been rumbling on since 1937, was transformed into a major theatre of World War II.
By 1941, the Chinese position was precarious. The largest forces opposing the Japanese were the Nationalists led by Chiang Kai-Shek, but the foreign military aid they had been receiving in the 1930s had dried up because of the war in Europe. Chiang’s forces were badly trained, badly disciplined and badly equipped. Their loyalty was questionable. The truce with their Communist rival, the CCP, was fragile. Both sides seemed more intent on maintaining control in their own territory than in fighting the Japanese. Both were expecting and preparing for a fresh civil war as soon as Japan was defeated. Many of Chiang’s men also held allegiances to local warlords.
In February 1942, when Congress approved a 500 million dollar loan to China, Roosevelt described China as the US’s main ally against Japan. Chiang Kai-Shek was enchanted to now be described as one of the ‘Big Four’ Allied war-leaders. General ‘Vinegar Joe’ Stillwell became Chiang’s Chief of Staff, as well as commander of US forces in China, Burma and India. Chiang believed China would be the centre of US efforts against Japan.
The reality was different. Difficulties in sending supplies, British reservations, general concern about Chiang’s motives, and the urgency of operations in the Pacific and elsewhere meant that China did not become a theatre of main effort for the Allies. Stillwell’s mission to improve the efficiency of Chiang’s forces and turn the tide against the Japanese proved difficult. Chiang, Stillwell and Chennault disagreed fiercely over how to use the limited aid that could be flown in from India across the ‘Hump’ (the Himalayan mountains). To the frustration of Chinese Communists and Nationalists, the beginning of Pacific offensives in 1943 meant that US strategy ceased to depend upon China. The priority given to aid for China plummeted.
By 1944, with the air defence situation improving, more supplies began arriving across the Hump. The Ledo Road (later christened the ‘Stillwell Road’) reopened, having been closed by Japanese conquests in Burma. In April 1944, the ‘Ichi-Go’ offensive saw the Japanese invade the airfields of Kiangsi and Kwangsi; by June the Peking-Hankow Railway was under Japanese control. Despite US concerns that defeat was looming, Chinese forces resisted, repelling two Japanese offensives during summer 1945. Two events brought the war in China to a swift conclusion: on 6 August, the first atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima. Three days later Stalin, honouring his promise to the Western Allies, declared war on Japan, and Soviet forces overran the Japanese army in Manchuria. Japanese forces in China, Formosa and French Indochina surrendered to Chiang. As many as 20 million Chinese had died in the eight year-long conflict. Fighting between the KMT and the CCP resumed almost immediately.
Afro-Caribbeans World War II:
The British colonies in the West Indies were under direct threat by German submarines, who were hunting for oil tankers and bauxite carriers making their way from the Caribbean to the USA and the UK.
On the islands, the available manpower was taken up guarding the ports and POW camps, as well as providing the labour for the increased production of primary produce necessitated by the war.
Protests by West Indians at the lack of recruitment for service abroad, however, and the need for labour in Britain and for RAF personnel, resulted in the enlistment of men for RAF ground-duty training in 1941. West Indians were also recruited to fill certain skill shortages to aid the war effort. Rather bizarrely, 800 forestry workers were brought from tropical British Honduras to work in the freezing highlands of Scotland.
On their arrival, some discovered that they had to build their own barracks – and they all discovered that they were to be paid less than they had been promised. The period of their service was reduced, and some were repatriated before their contracts had expired. However, some remained in the UK after they had fulfilled their contracts, and found other war work.
Some 520 men came from the Caribbean colonies to work, mainly in munitions factories in the north-west. About 80 West Indian women, at first only if they were white, were recruited for the ATS.
It was probably only the lack of sufficient men with appropriate qualifications that forced the RAF to accept black colonials as aircrew. Some 300 or so West Indians served as aircrew, and some 90 men received decorations. This included seven Distinguished Service Orders, and 64 DFC’s.
Probably the most decorated was Squadron Leader Ulric Cross, who was awarded both the DSO and the DFC. The citation for the latter notes his ‘exceptional navigational ability’ and the ‘very large number of sorties’ he had flown ‘against heavily defended targets’ in Germany.
The Caribbean Regiment wasn’t recruited until 1944, when it was posted to Egypt to guard PoWs. There they were in fights with white South African troops, billeted nearby, who objected to the regiment being allowed to carry arms.