Monthly Archives: September 2014

Supporting the Government’s stance against ISIL


GordonThis has been one of the hardest moment when I gave way to look on the long term affect that our country will give support to help the U.S. in going into a 3rd Gulf War in Iraq whilst during the 1st, 2nd was easy to decide by informing my Member of Parliament at the time not to support the government position to go to war. It was only last year when the coalition decided to recall parliament I was and I’m still glad that my party leader and my member of parliament voted against the motion then.

Since then events has unfold this year which I surprised myself in giving my support of ridding ISIL after speaking to various Imams, other faith leaders and parliamentarians to speak out against this vile group who call themselves ISIL via press and social media which led to a successful campaign this encouraged many Muslim community leaders and myself to lobby their MPs(Cross-bench)to give support to the government motion with reservations as the motion did not give an end date of withdrawal but it’s a start.

What was very encouraging has always been when the Labour Party gets it wrong I will criticize my party and when they get it right I will praise them for their decision(s). I have to say I praise Ed Miliband’s full speech to the commons yesterday 26 September 2014:

Mr Speaker, I rise to support the government motion concerning military action against ISIL in Iraq.

It is right that the Prime Minister has brought this issue to the House and that he has committed that he will bring any future decisions to this House too.

And all of us whatever side of this debate we are on will be conducting it with huge admiration for the bravery, spirit, and the duty displayed by our armed forces, who act on the decisions this House makes.

Let us be clear at the outset what is the proposition: air strikes against ISIL in Iraq.

Not about ground troops.

Nor about UK military action elsewhere.

And it is a mission specifically aimed at ISIL.

As we debate this issue today, I understand the qualms and for some deep unease that there will be about this undertaking both in this House and in the country.

Those who advocate military action today have to persuade members of this House and the country not only that ISIL is an evil organisation but that it is we, Britain, who should take military action in Iraq.

I want to do so by setting out the particular nature of the ISIL threat, the criteria we should apply to judging the case for military action, and also the role of our country in the world which is directly relevant to this decision.

It is important, as the Prime Minister said, that we understand that ISIL is not simply another terrorist organisation.

We have seen it’s hostage-taking of innocent British citizens.

And it is not just British citizens who they are threatening: Christians, Yezidis, fellow Muslims, Sunni and Shia, from many different countries and backgrounds.

Anyone who does not subscribe to their deeply perverted ideology.

Just one hideous example was recently gathered by Amnesty International.

On the morning of Friday the 15 August, ISIL fighters assembled the residents of Kocho village in Northern Iraq at the secondary school, where they separated men and boys from women and younger children.

The men were then driven away to different nearby locations, where they were shot.

The women and children of the village were abducted and continue to be held by ISIL.

Let’s be clear about what this is: ISIL is murdering Muslims.

So to those who say that military action against ISIL is somehow an attack on Islam:

I understand the anxiety.

But the truth is entirely different.

And it is Muslims themselves who are saying this.

And leading British Muslim scholars and Imams wrote recently: “they are perpetrating the worst crimes against humanity … It is a war against all humanity.”

ISIL’s ideology has nothing to do with the peaceful religion practised by people across the world and by millions of our fellow citizens, who are appalled by what we see.

And it is not simply that ISIL is a murderous organisation, it has ambitions for a state of its own – a Caliphate across the Middle East, run according to their horrific norms and values.

So we cannot stand by against the threat of ISIL.

But in acting against them we need to learn the lessons from the past.

That means a comprehensive strategy, humanitarian and political as well as military, rooted in the region.

Some of this is underway. More needs to be done.

But to make this alliance work there is need for military action to contain and help counter the threat of ISIL in Iraq.

That is why we are meeting today.

To make the case, I want to return to the criteria I have previously set, criteria which learn from the past.

First, in any action we take there is a need for just cause.

I believe ISIL does establish this case.

On humanitarian grounds, that I have set out.

On grounds of national interest, the international instability that would be created by the overthrow of the democratic Iraqi state would clearly have implications for the stability of the region.

And make it more likely that Iraq would become a haven and training ground for terrorism directed at the UK.

Second, military action must always be a last resort.

Again I believe this criterion is met.

ISIL have shown that they are not an organisation that could or should be negotiated with.

Third, there must be a clear legal base to provide legitimacy and legal force to our actions.

We support this motion today because we would be responding to the request of a democratic state in Iraq fighting for its own survival.

This is recognised in the UN Charter.

Therefore, I believe the legal case is clear.

Fourth, we must believe there is a reasonable prospect of success before we take the grave step of committing our forces.

This is the hardest test.

But the aim is clear.

It is to reinforce the democratic government of Iraq, prevent the advance and help roll back ISIL at the invitation of that democratic government.

And it is to do that by using international military air power while the Iraqi army and the Kurdish Peshmerga conduct a ground campaign against ISIL.

Nobody should be in any doubt that this is a difficult mission and it will take time.

But there is already evidence that the US action is having the effect of holding back ISIL.

And prior to this action, ISIL was advancing with catastrophic consequences for the Iraqi people.

As in June, when ISIL took Mosul.

Failure to act would mean more Mosuls and more killing of the sort I described earlier.

Fifth, there must be broad support in the region for reasons of legitimacy, because this action must not be seen as a new form of imperialism.

And effectiveness, because regional support is essential to the long term success of the mission.

At the end of August, the Arab League made a statement calling for comprehensive measures to combat ISIL.

And we now see a regional coalition of Jordan, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Saudi Arabia and Qatar.

As well as other countries.

Sixth, the proposed action must be proportionate.

We must make sure that innocent civilians are protected.

And I know there are strict conditions in place to ensure proper targeting and to do everything possible to avoid civilian casualties.

So having scrutinised these six conditions – just cause, last resort, legal base, reasonable prospects, regional support, proportionality – I believe they are met.

Some people might accept these criteria but say it is not our job to intervene because western intervention always makes things worse.

I understand this argument but I do not agree.

Intervention always has risks but a dismembered Iraq would be more dangerous for Britain.

ISIL unchecked means more persecution of the innocent.

If we say to people that we will pass on by, it surely makes it far harder to persuade Arab countries to play their part.

And, finally, we should pride ourselves on our traditions of internationalism.

But, of course, I understand the reason for wariness and I share it.

And I want directly to address an overriding reason for this wariness: the 2003 war in Iraq.

I was not in the House in 2003, but I was not in favour of that war.

I understand why some who were will wonder if this is a repeat of that experience.

In my view, it is not.

This case is about supporting a democratic state.

Not overturning an existing regime, and seeking to build a new one from the rubble.

There is no debate about the legal base for action in Iraq, as there was in 2003.

There is no argument about whether military action is a last resort.

There is broad international support not a divided world, with all 28 EU member states and the Arab League providing support.

And five Arab states taking part in action.

There is no question of British ground troops being deployed.

So the case against cannot simply be that this is a rerun of 2003.

The late Robin Cook said in his resignation speech on the eve of the Iraq war:

“Our interests are best protected not by unilateral action but by multilateral agreement and a world order governed by rules.”

This is multilateral action prompted by a legitimate, democratic state.

And a world order governed by rules if it is about anything must be about protecting a democracy.

Which is what this motion is about.

I believe although this is difficult, this is the right thing to do.

There is no graver decision for our Parliament and our country.

But protecting our national interest, security and the values for which we stand is why I will be supporting the motion this afternoon.

After listening to Ed Miliband’s and lobbying a number of members of parliamentarians beforehand I had already decided to make it publicly that i would be supporting the government’s stance with the  knowledge that the leader of the opposition will do so in full confidence.  As my followers know that I have friends in both sides of the camps who are for and against the debate I still respect them which includes parliamentarians who voted for and against. I have decided to include those names who vote for and against:

MPs against

Conservatives
Richard Bacon (Norfolk South) John Baron (Basildon & Billericay)
Gordon Henderson (Sittingbourne & Sheppey) Adam Holloway (Gravesham)
Nigel Mills (Amber Valley) Mark Reckless (Rochester & Strood)

Liberal Democrats

Julian Huppert (Cambridge)

Labour

Diane Abbott (Hackney North & Stoke Newington) Graham Allen (Nottingham North)
Rushanara Ali (Bethnal Green and Bow)* – abstained by voting in both lobbies Dame Anne Begg (Aberdeen South)
Ronnie Campbell (Blyth Valley) Martin Caton (Gower)
Katy Clark (Ayrshire North & Arran) Ian Davidson (Glasgow South West)
Paul Flynn (Newport West) Stephen Hepburn (Jarrow)
Kate Hoey (Vauxhall) Kelvin Hopkins (Luton North)
Sian James (Swansea East) Mark Lazarowicz (Edinburgh North & Leith)
John McDonnell (Hayes & Harlington) Iain McKenzie (Inverclyde)
Austin Mitchell (Great Grimsby) Grahame Morris (Easington)
George Mudie (Leeds East) Linda Riordan (Halifax)
Barry Sheerman (Huddersfield) Dennis Skinner (Bolsover)
Graham Stringer (Blackley & Broughton) Mike Wood (Batley & Spen)

Other parties

Caroline Lucas (Brighton Pavilion) – Green George Galloway (Bradford West) – Respect
Jonathan Edwards (Carmarthen East & Dinefwr) – Plaid Cymru Hywel Williams (Arfon) – Plaid Cymru
Stewart Hosie (Dundee East) – Scottish National Party (SNP) Angus MacNeil (Na h-Eileanan an Iar) – SNP
Angus Robertson (Moray) – SNP Mike Weir (Angus) – SNP
Eilidh Whiteford (Banff & Buchan) – SNP Mark Durkan (Foyle) – Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP)
Dr Alasdair McDonnell (Belfast South) – SDLP Margaret Ritchie (Down South) – SDLP

Tellers

Jeremy Corbyn (Islington North) – Labour Pete Wishart (Perth and North Perthshire) – SNP

MPs in favour

Conservatives
Nigel Adams (Selby & Ainsty) Adam Afriyie (Windsor)
Peter Aldous (Waveney) David Amess (Southend West)
Stuart Andrew (Pudsey) James Arbuthnot (Hampshire North East)
Tony Baldry (Banbury) Harriett Baldwin (Worcestershire West)
Stephen Barclay (Cambridgeshire North East) Greg Barker (Bexhill & Battle)
Guto Bebb (Aberconwy) Henry Bellingham (Norfolk North West)
Richard Benyon (Newbury) Sir Paul Beresford (Mole Valley)
Jake Berry (Rossendale & Darwen) Andrew Bingham (High Peak)
Brian Binley (Northampton South) Bob Blackman (Harrow East)
Nicola Blackwood (Oxford West & Abingdon) Nick Boles (Grantham & Stamford)
Peter Bone (Wellingborough) Karen Bradley (Staffordshire Moorlands)
Graham Brady (Altrincham & Sale West) Angie Bray (Ealing Central & Acton)
Julian Brazier (Canterbury) Andrew Bridgen (Leicestershire North West)
Steve Brine (Winchester) James Brokenshire (Old Bexley & Sidcup)
Aidan Burley (Cannock Chase) Conor Burns (Bournemouth West)
David Burrowes (Enfield Southgate) Alistair Burt (Bedfordshire North East)
Dan Byles (Warwickshire North) Alun Cairns (Vale of Glamorgan)
David Cameron (Witney) Neil Carmichael (Stroud)
Bill Cash (Stone) Rehman Chishti (Gillingham & Rainham)
Christopher Chope (Christchurch) James Clappison (Hertsmere)
Greg Clark (Tunbridge Wells) Kenneth Clarke (Rushcliffe)
Geoffrey Clifton-Brown (Cotswolds, The) Therese Coffey (Suffolk Coastal)
Damian Collins (Folkestone & Hythe) Oliver Colville (Plymouth Sutton & Devonport)
Geoffrey Cox (Devon West & Torridge) Stephen Crabb (Preseli Pembrokeshire)
Tracey Crouch (Chatham & Aylesford) David Davies (Monmouth)
Glyn Davies(Montgomeryshire) Nick de Bois (Enfield North)
Caroline Dinenage (Gosport) Jonathan Djanogly (Huntingdon)
Nadine Dorries (Bedfordshire Mid) Jackie Doyle-Price (Thurrock)
Richard Drax (Dorset South) James Duddridge (Rochford & Southend East)
Alan Duncan (Rutland & Melton) Iain Duncan Smith (Chingford & Woodford Green)
Philip Dunne (Ludlow) Michael Ellis (Northampton North)
Jane Ellison (Battersea) Tobias Ellwood (Bournemouth East)
Charlie Elphicke (Dover) George Eustice (Camborne & Redruth)
Graham Evans (Weaver Vale) Jonathan Evans (Cardiff North)
Nigel Evans (Ribble Valley) David Evennett (Bexleyheath & Crayford)
Michael Fallon (Sevenoaks) Mark Field (Cities of London & Westminster)
Dr Liam Fox (Somerset North) Mark Francois (Rayleigh & Wickford)
George Freeman (Norfolk Mid) Mike Freer (Finchley & Golders Green)
Lorraine Fullbrook (South Ribble) Richard Fuller (Bedford)
Sir Edward Garnier (Harborough) Mark Garnier (Wyre Forest)
David Gauke (Hertfordshire South West) Nick Gibb (Bognor Regis & Littlehampton)
Cheryl Gillan (Chesham & Amersham) John Glen (Salisbury)
Zac Goldsmith (Richmond Park) Robert Goodwill (Scarborough & Whitby)
Michael Gove (Surrey Heath) Richard Graham (Gloucester)
Helen Grant (Maidstone & The Weald) James Gray (Wiltshire North)
Chris Grayling (Epsom & Ewell) Damian Green (Ashford)
Justine Greening (Putney) Dominic Grieve (Beaconsfield)
Andrew Griffiths (Burton) Ben Gummer (Ipswich)
Sam Gyimah (Surrey East) William Hague (Richmond (Yorks))
Robert Halfon (Harlow) Philip Hammond (Runnymede & Weybridge)
Stephen Hammond (Wimbledon) Matthew Hancock (Suffolk West)
Greg Hands (Chelsea & Fulham) Mark Harper (Forest of Dean)
Richard Harrington (Watford) Rebecca Harris (Castle Point)
Sir Alan Haselhurst (Saffron Walden) John Hayes (South Holland & The Deepings)
Oliver Heald (Hertfordshire North East) Chris Heaton-Harris (Daventry)
Charles Hendry (Wealden) Nick Herbert (Arundel & South Downs)
Damian Hinds (Hampshire East) Mark Hoban (Fareham)
George Hollingbery (Meon Valley) Philip Hollobone (Kettering)
Kris Hopkins (Keighley) Sir Gerald Howarth (Aldershot)
John Howell (Henley) Jeremy Hunt (Surrey South West)
Nick Hurd (Ruislip, Northwood & Pinner) Stewart Jackson (Peterborough)
Margot James (Stourbridge) Sajid Javid (Bromsgrove)
Bernard Jenkin (Harwich & Essex North) Robert Jenrick (Newark)
Gareth Johnson (Dartford) Jo Johnson (Orpington)
Andrew Jones (Harrogate & Knaresborough) David Jones (Clwyd West)
Marcus Jones (Nuneaton) Daniel Kawczynski (Shrewsbury & Atcham)
Chris Kelly (Dudley South) Simon Kirby (Brighton Kemptown)
Greg Knight (Yorkshire East) Kwasi Kwarteng (Spelthorne)
Mark Lancaster (Milton Keynes North) Andrew Lansley (Cambridgeshire South)
Pauline Latham (Derbyshire Mid) Andrea Leadsom (Northamptonshire South)
Jessica Lee (Erewash) Phillip Lee (Bracknell)
Jeremy Lefroy (Stafford) Edward Leigh (Gainsborough)
Charlotte Leslie (Bristol North West) Oliver Letwin (Dorset West)
Brandon Lewis (Great Yarmouth) Julian Lewis (New Forest East)
David Lidington (Aylesbury) Peter Lilley (Hitchin & Harpenden)
Jack Lopresti (Filton & Bradley Stoke) Jonathan Lord (Woking)
Tim Loughton (Worthing East & Shoreham) Peter Luff (Worcestershire Mid)
Karen Lumley (Redditch) Jason McCartney (Colne Valley)
Karl McCartney (Lincoln) Anne McIntosh (Thirsk & Malton)
Mary Macleod (Brentford & Isleworth) Patrick McLoughlin (Derbyshire Dales)
Esther McVey (Wirral West) Anne Main (St Albans)
Francis Maude (Horsham) Theresa May (Maidenhead)
Paul Maynard (Blackpool North & Cleveleys) Mark Menzies (Fylde)
Stephen Metcalfe (Basildon South & Thurrock East) Maria Miller (Basingstoke)
Anne Milton (Guildford) Andrew Mitchell (Sutton Coldfield)
Penny Mordaunt (Portsmouth North) Nicky Morgan (Loughborough)
Anne-Marie Morris (Newton Abbot) David Morris (Morecambe & Lunesdale)
James Morris (Halesowen & Rowley Regis) Stephen Mosley (Chester, City of)
David Mowat (Warrington South) David Mundell (Dumfriesshire, Clydesdale & Tweeddale)
Sheryll Murray (Cornwall South East) Dr Andrew Murrison (Wiltshire South West)
Bob Neill (Bromley & Chislehurst) Brooks Newmark (Braintree)
Sarah Newton (Truro & Falmouth) Caroline Nokes (Romsey & Southampton North)
David Nuttall (Bury North) Stephen O’Brien (Eddisbury)
Matthew Offord (Hendon) Eric Ollerenshaw (Lancaster & Fleetwood)
Guy Opperman (Hexham) George Osborne (Tatton)
Richard Ottaway (Croydon South) Jim Paice (Cambridgeshire South East)
Neil Parish (Tiverton & Honiton) Priti Patel (Witham)
Owen Paterson (Shropshire North) Owen Paterson (Shropshire North)
Mike Penning (Hemel Hempstead) John Penrose (Weston-Super-Mare)
Andrew Percy (Brigg & Goole) Claire Perry (Devizes)
Stephen Phillips (Sleaford & North Hykeham) Eric Pickles (Brentwood & Ongar)
Chris Pincher (Tamworth) Daniel Poulter (Suffolk Central & Ipswich North)
Mark Pritchard (Wrekin, The) Dominic Raab (Esher & Walton)
John Randall (Uxbridge & Ruislip South) Jacob Rees-Mogg (Somerset North East)
Simon Reevell (Dewsbury) Andrew Robathan (Leicestershire South)
Hugh Robertson (Faversham & Kent Mid) Laurence Robertson (Tewkesbury)
Andrew Rosindell (Romford) Amber Rudd (Hastings & Rye)
David Rutley (Macclesfield) Andrew Selous (Bedfordshire South West)
Grant Shapps (Welwyn Hatfield) Alok Sharma (Reading West)
Sir Richard Shepherd (Aldridge-Brownhills) Mark Simmonds (Boston & Skegness)
Keith Simpson (Broadland) Chris Skidmore (Kingswood)
Chloe Smith (Norwich North) Henry Smith (Crawley)
Julian Smith (Skipton & Ripon) Nicholas Soames (Sussex Mid)
Anna Soubry (Broxtowe) Caroline Spelman (Meriden)
Mark Spencer (Sherwood) Sir John Stanley (Tonbridge & Malling)
Andrew Stephenson (Pendle) John Stevenson (Carlisle)
Bob Stewart (Beckenham) Iain Stewart (Milton Keynes South)
Rory Stewart (Penrith & The Border) Gary Streeter (Devon South West)
Mel Stride (Devon Central) Graham Stuart (Beverley & Holderness)
Julian Sturdy (York Outer) Desmond Swayne (New Forest West)
Hugo Swire (Devon East) Robert Syms (Poole)
Edward Timpson (Crewe & Nantwich) Justin Tomlinson (Swindon North)
David Tredinnick (Bosworth) Elizabeth Truss (Norfolk South West)
Andrew Turner (Isle of Wight) Andrew Tyrie (Chichester)
Paul Uppal (Wolverhampton South West) Ed Vaizey (Wantage)
Shailesh Vara (Cambridgeshire North West) Martin Vickers (Cleethorpes)
Theresa Villiers (Chipping Barnet) Charles Walker (Broxbourne)
Robin Walker (Worcester) Ben Wallace (Wyre & Preston North)
Robert Walter (Dorset North) Dame Angela Watkinson (Hornchurch & Upminster)
Mike Weatherley (Hove) James Wharton (Stockton South)
Heather Wheeler (Derbyshire South) Chris White (Warwick & Leamington)
Craig Whittaker (Calder Valley) John Whittingdale (Maldon)
Bill Wiggin (Herefordshire North) David Willetts (Havant)
Gavin Williamson (Staffordshire South) Rob Wilson (Reading East)
Dr Sarah Wollaston (Totnes) Jeremy Wright (Kenilworth & Southam)
Tim Yeo (Suffolk South) Sir George Young (Hampshire North West)
Nadhim Zahawi

(Stratford-on-Avon)

Liberal Democrats

Danny Alexander (Inverness, Nairn, Badenoch & Strathspey) Sir Alan Beith (Berwick-upon-Tweed)
Tom Brake (Carshalton & Wallington) Annette Brooke (Dorset Mid & Poole North)
Jeremy Browne (Taunton Deane) Malcolm Bruce (Gordon)
Paul Burstow (Sutton & Cheam) Lorely Burt (Solihull)
Vincent Cable (Twickenham) Sir Menzies Campbell (Fife North East)
Alistair Carmichael (Orkney & Shetland) Nick Clegg (Sheffield Hallam)
Michael Crockart (Edinburgh West) Edward Davey (Kingston & Surbiton)
Tim Farron (Westmorland & Lonsdale) Lynne Featherstone (Hornsey & Wood Green)
Don Foster (Bath) Andrew George (St Ives)
Stephen Gilbert (St Austell & Newquay) Duncan Hames (Chippenham)
Sir Nick Harvey (Devon North) John Hemming (Birmingham Yardley)
Martin Horwood (Cheltenham) Simon Hughes (Bermondsey & Old Southwark)
Norman Lamb (Norfolk North) David Laws (Yeovil)
Stephen Lloyd (Eastbourne) Michael Moore (Berwickshire, Roxburgh & Selkirk)
Greg Mulholland (Leeds North West) Tessa Munt (Wells)
John Pugh (Southport) Alan Reid (Argyll & Bute)
Dan Rogerson (Cornwall North) Bob Russell (Colchester)
Adrian Sanders (Torbay) Sir Robert Smith (Aberdeenshire West & Kincardine)
Andrew Stunell (Hazel Grove) Ian Swales (Redcar)
Jo Swinson (Dunbartonshire East) Mike Thornton (Eastleigh)
David Ward (Bradford East) Steve Webb (Thornbury & Yate)
Mark Williams (Ceredigion) Roger Williams (Brecon & Radnorshire)
Stephen Williams (Bristol West) Jenny Willott (Cardiff Central)
Simon Wright (Norwich South)

Labour

Debbie Abrahams (Oldham East & Saddleworth) Bob Ainsworth (Coventry North East)
Douglas Alexander (Paisley & Renfrewshire South) Heidi Alexander (Lewisham East)
Dave Anderson (Blaydon) Jon Ashworth (Leicester South)
Ian Austin (Dudley North) Adrian Bailey (West Bromwich West)
Willie Bain (Glasgow North East) Ed Balls (Morley & Outwood)
Gordon Banks (Ochil & Perthshire South) Kevin Barron (Rother Valley)
Hugh Bayley (York Central) Dame Margaret Beckett (Derby South)
Hilary Benn (Leeds Central) Luciana Berger (Liverpool Wavertree)
Clive Betts (Sheffield South East) Roberta Blackman-Woods (Durham, City of)
Hazel Blears (Salford & Eccles) Tom Blenkinsop (Middlesbrough South & Cleveland East)
Paul Blomfield (Sheffield Central) David Blunkett (Sheffield Brightside & Hillsborough)
Kevin Brennan (Cardiff West) Lyn Brown (West Ham)
Nicholas Brown (Newcastle upon Tyne East) Russell Brown (Dumfries & Galloway)
Karen Buck (Westminster North) Richard Burden (Birmingham Northfield)
Andy Burnham (Leigh) Liam Byrne (Birmingham Hodge Hill)
Alan Campbell (Tynemouth) Sarah Champion (Rotherham)
Tom Clarke (Coatbridge, Chryston & Bellshill) Ann Clwyd (Cynon Valley)
Vernon Coaker (Gedling) Ann Coffey (Stockport)
Yvette Cooper (Normanton, Pontefract & Castleford) David Crausby (Bolton North East)
Mary Creagh (Wakefield) Stella Creasy (Walthamstow)
Jon Cruddas (Dagenham & Rainham) John Cryer (Leyton & Wanstead)
Alex Cunningham (Stockton North) Jim Cunningham (Coventry South)
Tony Cunningham (Workington) Simon Danczuk (Rochdale)
Alistair Darling (Edinburgh South West) Wayne David (Caerphilly)
Geraint Davies (Swansea West) Gloria De Piero (Ashfield)
John Denham (Southampton Itchen) Frank Dobson (Holborn & St Pancras)
Thomas Docherty (Dunfermline & Fife West) Stephen Doughty (Cardiff South & Penarth)
Jim Dowd (Lewisham West & Penge) Gemma Doyle (Dunbartonshire West)
Jack Dromey (Birmingham Erdington) Michael Dugher (Barnsley East)
Angela Eagle (Wallasey) Maria Eagle (Garston & Halewood)
Clive Efford (Eltham) Julie Elliott (Sunderland Central)
Natascha Engel (Derbyshire North East) Bill Esterson (Sefton Central)
Chris Evans (Islwyn) Paul Farrelly (Newcastle-under-Lyme)
Frank Field (Birkenhead) Robert Flello (Stoke-on-Trent South)
Caroline Flint (Don Valley) Yvonne Fovargue (Makerfield)
Hywel Francis (Aberavon) Mike Gapes (Ilford South)
Barry Gardiner (Brent North) Pat Glass (Durham North West)
Mary Glindon (Tyneside North) Helen Goodman (Bishop Auckland)
Tom Greatrex (Rutherglen & Hamilton West) Kate Green (Stretford & Urmston)
Lilian Greenwood (Nottingham South) Nia Griffith (Llanelli)
Andrew Gwynne (Denton & Reddish) Peter Hain (Neath)
Fabian Hamilton (Leeds North East) Harriet Harman (Camberwell & Peckham)
Tom Harris (Glasgow South) Dai Havard (Merthyr Tydfil & Rhymney)
John Healey (Wentworth & Dearne) Mark Hendrick (Preston)
David Heyes (Ashton Under Lyne) Meg Hillier (Hackney South & Shoreditch)
Julie Hilling (Bolton West) Margaret Hodge (Barking)
Sharon Hodgson (Washington & Sunderland West) Jim Hood (Lanark & Hamilton East)
George Howarth (Knowsley) Tristram Hunt (Stoke-on-Trent Central)
Huw Irranca-Davies (Ogmore) Glenda Jackson (Hampstead & Kilburn)
Cathy Jamieson (Kilmarnock & Loudoun) Major Dan Jarvis (Barnsley Central)
Graham Jones (Hyndburn) Kevan Jones (Durham North)
Susan Elan Jones (Clwyd South) Dame Tessa Jowell (Dulwich & West Norwood)
Mike Kane (Wythenshawe & Sale East) Elizabeth Kendall (Leicester West)
Sadiq Khan (Tooting) David Lammy (Tottenham)
Christopher Leslie (Nottingham East) Emma Lewell-Buck (South Shields)
Ivan Lewis (Bury South) Andy Love (Edmonton)
Ian Lucas (Wrexham) Steve McCabe (Birmingham Selly Oak)
Michael McCann (East Kilbride, Strathaven & Lesmahagow) Kerry McCarthy (Bristol East)
Siobhain McDonagh (Mitcham & Morden) Andy McDonald (Middlesbrough)
Pat McFadden (Wolverhampton South East) Alison McGovern (Wirral South)
Jim McGovern (Dundee West) Catherine McKinnell (Newcastle upon Tyne North)
Khalid Mahmood (Birmingham Perry Barr) Shabana Mahmood (Birmingham Ladywood)
Seema Malhotra (Feltham & Heston) John Mann (Bassetlaw)
Gordon Marsden (Blackpool South) Michael Meacher (Oldham West & Royton)
Alan Meale (Mansfield) Ian Mearns (Gateshead)
Ed Miliband (Doncaster North) Andrew Miller (Ellesmere Port & Neston)
Madeleine Moon (Bridgend) Jessica Morden (Newport East)
Meg Munn (Sheffield Heeley) Jim Murphy (Renfrewshire East)
Paul Murphy (Torfaen) Lisa Nandy (Wigan)
Pamela Nash (Airdrie & Shotts) Chi Onwurah (Newcastle upon Tyne Central)
Sandra Osborne (Ayr, Carrick & Cumnock) Albert Owen (Ynys Mon)
Toby Perkins (Chesterfield) Bridget Phillipson (Houghton & Sunderland South)
Stephen Pound (Ealing North) Lucy Powell (Manchester Central)
Nick Raynsford (Greenwich & Woolwich) Jamie Reed (Copeland)
Steve Reed (Croydon North) Rachel Reeves (Leeds West)
Emma Reynolds (Wolverhampton North East) Jonathan Reynolds (Stalybridge & Hyde)
John Robertson (Glasgow North West) Geoffrey Robinson (Coventry North West)
Lindsay Roy (Glenrothes) Chris Ruane (Vale of Clwyd)
Anas Sarwar (Glasgow Central) Andy Sawford (Corby)
Alison Seabeck (Plymouth Moor View) Virendra Sharma (Ealing Southall)
Jim Sheridan (Paisley & Renfrewshire North) Gavin Shuker (Luton South)
Andy Slaughter (Hammersmith) Angela Smith (Penistone & Stocksbridge)
Nick Smith (Blaenau Gwent) Owen Smith (Pontypridd)
John Spellar (Warley) Gisela Stuart (Birmingham Edgbaston)
Gerry Sutcliffe (Bradford South) Mark Tami (Alyn & Deeside)
Gareth Thomas (Harrow West) Emily Thornberry (Islington South & Finsbury)
Stephen Timms (East Ham) Jon Trickett (Hemsworth)
Karl Turner (Hull East) Derek Twigg (Halton)
Stephen Twigg (Liverpool West Derby) Chuka Umunna (Streatham)
Keith Vaz (Leicester East) Valerie Vaz (Walsall South)
Joan Walley (Stoke-on-Trent North) Dave Watts (St Helens North)
Alan Whitehead (Southampton Test) Chris Williamson (Derby North)
Phil Wilson (Sedgefield) Rosie Winterton (Doncaster Central)
John Woodcock (Barrow & Furness) Shaun Woodward (St Helens South & Whiston)
David Wright (Telford) Iain Wright (Hartlepool)
Rushanara Ali (Bethnal Green and Bow)* – abstained by voting in both lobbies

Other parties and independents

Naomi Long (Belfast East) – Alliance Gregory Campbell (Londonderry East) – Democratic Unionist Party (DUP)
Nigel Dodds (Belfast North) – DUP Jeffrey Donaldson (Lagan Valley) – DUP
Rev William McCrea (Antrim South) – DUP Ian Paisley Junior (Antrim North) – DUP
Jim Shannon (Strangford) – DUP David Simpson (Upper Bann) – DUP
Sammy Wilson (Antrim East) – DUP Mike Hancock (Portsmouth South) – Independent
Eric Joyce (Falkirk) – Independent

Tellers

Gavin Barwell (Croydon Central) – Conservative Mark Hunter (Cheadle) – Liberal Democrat

Abstensions

Conservatives
Steven Baker (Wycombe) Crispin Blunt (Reigate)
Peter Bottomley (Worthing West) Simon Burns (Chelmsford)
Philip Davies (Shipley) David Davis (Haltemprice & Howden)
Stephen Dorrell (Charnwood) Michael Fabricant (Lichfield)
Roger Gale (Thanet North) Simon Hart (Carmarthen West & Pembrokeshire South)
Ian Liddell-Grainger (Bridgwater & Somerset West) Stephen McPartland (Stevenage)
Jesse Norman (Hereford & Herefordshire South) Mark Prisk (Hertford & Stortford)
John Redwood (Wokingham) Sir Malcolm Rifkind (Kensington)
David Ruffley (Bury St Edmunds) Laura Sandys (Thanet South)
Lee Scott (Ilford North) Alec Shelbrooke (Elmet & Rothwell)
Sir Peter Tapsell (Louth & Horncastle)

Liberal Democrats

Norman Baker (Lewes) Gordon Birtwistle (Burnley)
David Heath (Somerton & Frome) Charles Kennedy (Ross, Skye & Lochaber)
John Leech (Manchester Withington) Sarah Teather (Brent Central)
John Thurso (Caithness, Sutherland & Easter Ross)

Labour

Joe Benton (Bootle) Ben Bradshaw (Exeter)
Gordon Brown (Kirkcaldy & Cowdenbeath) Chris Bryant (Rhondda)
Jenny Chapman (Darlington) Michael Connarty (Linlithgow & Falkirk East)
Rosie Cooper (Lancashire West) Margaret Curran (Glasgow East)
Nic Dakin (Scunthorpe) Brian Donohoe (Ayrshire Central)
Frank Doran (Aberdeen North) Louise Ellman (Liverpool Riverside)
Jim Fitzpatrick (Poplar & Limehouse) Sheila Gilmore (Edinburgh East)
Roger Godsiff (Birmingham Hall Green) David Hamilton (Midlothian)
David Hanson (Delyn) Alan Johnson (Hull West & Hessle)
Diana Johnson (Hull North) Helen Jones (Warrington North)
Sir Gerald Kaufman (Manchester Gorton) Barbara Keeley (Worsley & Eccles South)
Ian Lavery (Wansbeck) Gregg McClymont (Cumbernauld, Kilsyth & Kirkintilloch East)
Anne McGuire (Stirling) Ann McKechin (Glasgow North)
Fiona Mactaggart (Slough) Graeme Morrice (Livingston)
Ian Murray (Edinburgh South) Fiona O’Donnell (East Lothian)
Teresa Pearce (Erith & Thamesmead) Yasmin Qureshi (Bolton South East)
Steve Rotheram (Liverpool Walton) Frank Roy (Motherwell & Wishaw)
Joan Ruddock (Lewisham Deptford) Andrew Smith (Oxford East)
Jack Straw (Blackburn) Tom Watson (West Bromwich East)
David Winnick (Walsall North) Rushanara Ali (Bethnal Green and Bow)* – abstained by voting in both lobbies

Other parties and independents

Elfyn Llwyd (Dwyfor Meirionnydd) – Plaid Cymru Lady Sylvia Hermon (Down North) – Independent

Yet this was not enough for the FarRight groups they were and still intent to causing more destruction in the muslim communities across the UK groups BritainFirst, and EDL hell bent went around the country where there large populations of Muslims setting fire to mosques or protesting inside the of the grounds by showing their vile banners they did not have the decency to show their faces.

 

Advertisements

Highlights of Labour Party Conference 2014


Well for those who heard the speech great, but for those critics who put down the Labour Party and Shadow Chancellor who only listened to bits and pieces I say to them read the speeches and comprehend. Granted not everybody will concur with the speeches as I’m pretty sure I will not agree with Conservatives, LibDems , The Green, UKIP and BNP conference speeches either but I too have something in common with our critics which is no different to you all.

For me the highlight of the day has got to be a 91 year old Harry Leslie Smith writer and campaigner was hailed as the Labour conference star speaker as he brought delegates to tears with recollections of poverty and premature death before the creation of the National Health Service. Harry Leslie Smith won two standing ovations and was hugged by Andy Burnham, the shadow Health Secretary, as he delivered an impassioned defence of the welfare state. Al so I have to includes Andy Burnham which of course could not beat our dear comrade  Harry Leslie Smith

Harry Leslie Smith & Andy Burnham

Harry Leslie Smith & Andy Burnham

Here is what Andy Burnham had to say:

Conference I’ve got a question for you.

Hands up how many of you would walk 300 miles to save the NHS?

Stand up if you actually have?

Leading from the front, speaking for millions – Conference, please show your appreciation for the Darlo mums and the People’s March for the NHS. We have arrived at a big moment.

The party that created the NHS in the last century today sets out a plan to secure it in this. A rescue plan for a shattered service.

But more than that. A vision for a 21st century NHS there when you need it, personal to you and your family, with time to care. A national health and care service based on people before profits.

Today we place that proud Labour plan at the centre of our election campaign.

And, thanks to Ed’s great speech, we have the money to back it up.

A plan worth voting for, proof that all parties are not the same, giving you a real choice over the future of your NHS.

Because it certainly didn’t happen last time.

Remember that solemn promise of “no top-down reorganisation”?

It was a bare-faced lie.

Days into office, the Tories set about dismantling your NHS.

And the plan that dared not speak its name before the last election is now plain for all to see: run it down, break it up, sell it off.

So today we serve notice on Cameron and Clegg: Thursday 7th May 2015 – your day of reckoning on the NHS.

A reckoning for trashing the public’s most prized asset without their permission.

And a reckoning for a ruinous reorganisation that has dragged it down and left it on the brink.

A winter crisis in A&E now a spring, summer and autumn crisis too.

Over three million people on NHS waiting lists.

Families waiting longer for cancer treatment to start – and the national cancer target missed for the very first time.

The NHS can’t take five more years of Cameron.

I could go on about the damage he’s done.

But let’s be honest – would that help people worried about where the NHS is heading and wanting real answers?

I know there will be families and carers out there watching us today wondering whether anyone really understands what their life is like.

Soldiering on from one day to the next, feeling invisible and taken for granted, ringing the surgery early in the morning but unable to get through, telling the same story to everyone who comes through the door.

You feel no one listens – and no wonder.

So that’s why I’m going to do something different today.

I want to speak directly to you.

And to the parents of children with disabilities, for whom life feels like one long battle and who fret endlessly about what would happen to your son and daughter if you weren’t around to fight.

To the millions of you who face the daily worry and stress of arranging mum or dad’s care whilst trying to hold down a job.

And, most of all, to those of you who might be watching this alone at home fearing what the future might hold.

My message is simple: Labour is with you; your worries are ours; we know things can be better than they are; we want an NHS that takes your worries away; and we can achieve it if we do something bold.

The time has come for this party to complete Nye Bevan’s vision and bring social care in to the NHS.

That allows us to rebuild our NHS around you and your family.

No longer ringing the council for this, the NHS for that.

But one service, one team, one person to call.

An NHS for the whole person, an NHS for carers, an NHS personal to you. At last, a National Health Service keeping you well, not a national sickness service picking up the pieces.

And an end, once and for all, to the scandal that is care of older and vulnerable people in England in 2014.

I ask you this: how much longer will we say that people who are so frail that they need help with getting up, washing and eating, and who suffer from loneliness and isolation, are only worth a slap-dash 15 minute visit?

How much longer will society send out the message to young people looking after someone else’s mum, dad, brother or sister that it is the lowest form of work, lower than the minimum wage because it doesn’t pay the travel time between the 15 minute visits?

How much longer will we see these shameful scenes from care homes on our TV screens of people being shouted at or abused and not say enough is enough?

And for how much longer, in this the century of the ageing society, will we allow a care system in England to be run as a race to the bottom, making profits off the backs of our most vulnerable?

If this party is about anything, then surely it is about ending that.

I want you to understand why I feel like this.

About ten years ago, I saw my own mum ground down and worn out by the battle to get decent care for my gran.

She was in a nursing home where corners were often cut and where it was hard to get GPs to visit. The decent people who worked there were let down by the anonymous owners who filled it with untrained, temporary staff.

My gran’s things often went missing and we had got used to that.

But I will never forget the day when we walked in to see her and her knuckle was red raw where her engagement ring had been ripped off.

Right there, right then – I made it my mission to end this scandal.

And the greatest sadness of all was that this so-called care cost my grandmother everything she and my granddad had worked for.

I know millions of families have been through the same or are going through it now.

People look to Labour to change these things and that is what we will do. You know the Tories will never do it. They put profits before people – always – it’s in their DNA.

Their answer is to let the market that has ripped through social care carry on ripping through the NHS.

Conference, we will do the precise opposite.

I am clearer about this than anything in my life – the market is not the answer to 21st century health and care.

People out there know a minimum wage, zero hours approach will never secure the care they want for their mum and dad.

So our ten year plan for the NHS is founded on people before profits.

We will free the NHS from Cameron’s market and, yes, repeal his toxic Health and Social Care Act.

We will ask hospitals to collaborate once again and reinstate the NHS as our preferred provider.

The public NHS, protected with Labour. Not for sale. Not now, not ever.

Cemented at the core of every community so that it can then begin the job of bringing social care in and lifting it up. Building a culture of respect for all people who care and ending the indignity of flying 15 minute visits.

Caring no longer a dead-end job but part of one workforce working to NHS standards.

But there is a reason why we give the public NHS such stability.

It is so that we can ask it to embrace radical change in the way it provides services to you and your family.

We will ask hospital trusts and other NHS bodies to evolve into NHS integrated care organisations, working from home to hospital coordinating all care – physical, mental and social.

Why? Because it makes no sense to cut simple support in people’s homes only to spend thousands keeping them in hospital.

We can’t afford it. It will break the NHS.

But, more, it’s not right for you.

The ever-increasing hospitalisation of older people is no answer to the ageing society.

Bringing social care in doesn’t add to the financial burden.

It is the key to unlocking the money. But it will mean change and you need to know what that means for you.

Just as Nye Bevan wrote to every household to introduce his new NHS, so I will write again in 2015 to explain what people can expect from our national health and care service.

And this is what I will say for any family caring for someone with long-term needs, one team around you.

No longer should frail or vulnerable people be shunted around the system, from ambulance to A&E to noisy ward. Instead, this team will come to you. Its goal will be to keep you in your own home, safe and well.

You and your carers will have one person to call to get help so no longer telling the same story over and over again.

You will have a care plan personal to you and your family.

If you and your carers get what you really need from the start, then it’s more likely to work. Building the NHS around you will need a new generation of NHS staff, as Ed said yesterday.

So we will recruit new teams of home care workers, physios, OTs, nurses, midwives with GPs at the centre.

And will we have mental health nurses and therapists at the heart of this team, no longer the poor relation on the fringes of the system but making parity a reality.

And to make sure this investment is not creamed off by others, we will look at how we can ensure private health providers contribute their fair share towards the cost of training.

But, with the best will in the world, the NHS won’t be able to do it all.

That is why I can announce today a big change in the way the NHS supports carers so they can keep going.

No longer invisible but at the very centre of this new service.

So today we announce new support for carers: protected funding for carer’s breaks; the right to ask for an annual health check; help with hospital car parking for carers; and we will go further.

We will give all families the right to care in their home, if they want it.

A national health and care service truly there from cradle to grave – from a new right to have a home-birth and a right to be in your own home at the end of your life, surrounded by the people you love, with your care provided on the NHS and no worry about its cost – starting with those who are terminally ill with the greatest care needs.

These are the things that matter and this is about an NHS there for you at the most important moments in life.

This is what people want and this is what becomes possible with our plan.

True whole person care – simply not possible in Cameron’s fragmented, privatised, demoralised service.

Make no mistake – this coming election is a battle for the soul of the NHS. The fight of our lives.

Now we must walk 300 miles for the NHS to every doorstep in the land. With hope. With pride. With passion. With a plan you can believe in. But, in the end, this is about more than us. This is about you.

Your children, your grandchildren, your great grandchildren.

It’s about whether an NHS will still be there for them in their hour of need as it has been for you.

Don’t regret it when it’s gone. Join the fight for it now.

So I make this appeal to you.

Help the party that founded the NHS give it a new beginning.

Help us make it the service we all want it to be.

An NHS that puts people before profit.

An NHS that cares for the carers.

An NHS there for your mum and dad.

An NHS with time to care.

An NHS for all of you.

This year’s International Speaker was none other than the appearance of New York’s Mayor Bill de Blasio, who gave a rousing 40-minute performance, with notes, roused what has been a rather subdued Labour conference from its slumbers. He was the first speaker at this conference to lay out the philosophy of progressive politics with passion and real power, and his message on income inequality drew a standing ovation in the hall. Tanned and smiling, de Blasio, 53, sauntered on to the stage to loud cheers, blowing kisses to the crowd “I don’t know why they say the Brits are unemotional,” he drawled.

If the Democrat was tired from his 24 hour round trip (he reportedly landed at 7am this morning and will fly back tonight), he didn’t show it. Although he may not have had time to catch up on Mr Miliband’s lacklustre leader’s speech. In contrast to the widespread criticism of Mr Miliband in today’s newspapers (even The Guardian couldn’t pretend he looked like a winner), de Blasio was full of praise for the Labour leader: “Ed, your agenda is a blueprint of what a fairer, more prosperous, stronger United Kingdom will look like. That is not only why you must win, that is why you will win,” he said.

The Mayor appears to see the Labour leader as a kindred spirit in the fight against global inequality, although his speech was thankfully free of any references to the fashionable French economist Thomas Piketty. His criticism of the Conservatives’s “top down policies” drew applause from the crowd:  “Instead of giving working families the leg up they deserve, guess what: they give huge tax cuts to the wealthiest, in the vague hope the money would magically trickle down to everyone else. We are familiar with this approach in our country—it’s called typically voodoo economics.”

Radiating positivity, de Blasio shared his own recipe for electoral success, describing how he came from far behind in the primary contest to end two decades of Republican rule in New York. In a rousing call to arms, he said that he won by refusing to “nibble around the edges” and by taking “dead aim at the crisis of our time” with “bold progressive action.”

Despite the stirring rhetoric and trust me the standing ovation was deserved the key question which remains unanswered was why was Bill de Blasio here? He clearly wasn’t a big enough name to persuade hungover delegates to delay their trains home, because the conference hall was only half full. I was among those asked to move forward to make the vast space look less empty. One suggestion is that Labour’s superstar election strategist, David Axlerod, called in a favour. But was it the right one? This was de Blasio’s first major policy speech overseas since he took office in January, and while he is certainly pitching himself as an activist voice within the Democratic Party, his star is still very much in the ascendant. With the roll call of guest speakers at previous Labour conferences including Nelson Mandela (2000) and Bill Clinton (2002/06), de Blasio’s presence offered little in the way of star quality, and his speech, like Miliband’s, will have little resonance with voters beyond the Labour grassroots.

I felt that Ed Miliband spoke by selling an idea about our party policies and look forward to see a new life of politics coming back to life. Ed Miliband was right to say:

  • The NHS, low pay and the housing shortage as key battleground issues for the election.
  • Health and Social Care Act has had a devastating impact on the health service in England, opening it up to creeping privatisation.
  • Pledge of a £2.5 billion funding increase, paid for through a windfall tax on tobacco companies and a mansion tax, is welcome and necessary, but we still need a clear indication that Labour has the political will to halt NHS privatisation.
  • Ensuring workers’ wages rise in line with economic growth is an admirable aim and one which would reverse more than three decades in which wages have shrunk as a share of Britain’s output as employers extract more and more profit from our work.
  • To recruit thousands more NHS workers he could have indicated that Labour will raise public-sector pay to make up for years in which it has fallen behind inflation.
  • House-building programme to address the chronic housing shortage aims to “double the number of first-time buyers,” but 200,000 new homes a year is far less than we need and he made no mention of the importance of rebuilding lost council-housing stock.
  • Thatcher’s right-to-buy madness has failed. House prices and rents are ridiculously high and personal debt levels unsustainable. Labour will break from the private ownership model and commit to providing social housing and secure, affordable rents.

I felt that Ed Balls spoke with even more passion about our party policies ideas and look forward to see a new life of politics coming back to life. Some critics may be sceptical with his speech I say to hell with them and he was right to say:

  • Underscore his willingness to take tough fiscal decisions when he reveals he will capchild benefit increases at 1% for the first two years of the next parliament, and force all government ministers to take a symbolic 5% pay cut.
  • Balls, battling to improveLabour’s economic credibility in the polls, will defend his decision to back a fiscal stimulus in 2010, but will recommit himself to balancing the books in the next parliament, including by keeping child benefit rises below the rate of inflation and slashing ministers’ pay by £6,708 a year.
  •  His announcement will come in his speech to the Labour party conference in Manchester on Monday, as Labour sources were also making it increasingly clear that the party will this week commit extra funds for the national health service, possibly by earmarking cash raised by reintroducing the 50p top rate of tax.

 

 

For those people who did not have the opportunity to read both Ed Milibands and Ed Balls full conference speech I enclose a copy of it:

I want to start by talking about somebody who’s from Salford, just down the road from here and that’s Alan Henning, a British hostage taken by Isil. His wife, Barbara Henning, made an incredibly moving appeal for his release just over the weekend.

You know, Alan Henning is simply an aid worker trying to make life better for victims of conflict. I think it should tell us all we need to know about Isil and their murderous ways that they take a decent British man like Alan Henning hostage.

And it’s not just British people that they are targeting; it is people of all nationalities and all religions. That’s why we supported a coalition, not simply based on military action but a coalition based on humanitarian, political and diplomatic action to counter the threat of Isil.

Now this week, the president of the United States and the British Prime Minister are both at the United Nations.

We support the overnight action against Isil, what needs to happen now is that the UN needs to play its part. A UN Security Council resolution to win the international support to counter that threat of Isil.

Friends, this country will never turn our back on the world and will never turn our back on the principles of internationalism.

And those values are reflected not just in our country but in this Party, in this hall and in this great city of Manchester. Friends, it is great to be with you in Manchester. A fantastic city. A city with a great Labour council leading the way. And a city that after this year’s local elections, is not just a Tory-free zone but a Liberal Democrat free zone as well.

Now Manchester has special memories for me because it was four years ago that I was elected your leader, here in Manchester. Four years on I feel wiser. I feel older. I feel much older, actually. But hang on a minute, some of you look quite a lot older as well. At least I’ve got an excuse. But I am prouder than ever to be the leader of your party and I thank you for your support.

Now we meet here in serious times, not just for your world but for our country too. Our country nearly broke up. A country that nearly splits apart is not a country in good health. I want to start by thanking all of Labour’s Team Scotland for the part they played in keeping our country together.

Let us thank them all. Gordon Brown, Alistair Darling, Margaret Curran, Douglas Alexander, Jim Murphy, Anas Sarwar, Johann Lamont. Let us thank them all ladies and gentlemen because they helped save our country.

And I want to say to the people of Scotland directly: this Labour party will show you over the coming years you made the right choice. Because we are better together.

Now here’s the thing. All of us, all political leaders, all of us in this hall, have a responsibility to try and explain why 45 per cent of people voted yes. 45 per cent of people wanted to break up our country. And we’ve got to explain why the feeling we saw in Scotland is not just in Scotland but is reflected across the country and my story starts six days from the end of the referendum campaign.

I was on my way to a public meeting. I was late as politicians tend to be. And just outside the meeting I met a woman and I was supposed to be going into the meeting but I wanted to stop and ask her how she was voting. I did that to everybody on the street. One vote at a time. I said to her “how are you voting?” she said “I haven’t decided yet.”

Turned out her name was Josephine. She worked as a cleaner in the building. I asked her what the company was like that she worked for. She said the company was decent but the wages were rubbish. She hadn’t decided because life was so incredibly tough for her. She didn’t want to leave but she thought it might be the best thing to do.

Now, I don’t know how Josephine voted in the referendum, but I do know the question she was asking: “Is anyone going to make life better for me and my family?” And here’s the thing. It isn’t just Josephine’s question. It’s the question people are asking right across Britain: “Is anyone going to build a better life for the working people of our country?” That wasn’t just the referendum question. That is the general election question.

I am not talking about the powerful and the privileged. Those who do well whatever the weather. I’m talking about families like yours, who are treading water, working harder and harder just to stay afloat.

For Labour, this election is about you. You’ve made the sacrifices. You have taken home lower wages year after year. You have paid higher taxes. You have seen your energy bills rise and your NHS decline. You know this country doesn’t work for you. My answer is that we can build a better future for you and your family and this speech is about Labour’s plan to do it. Labour’s plan for Britain’s future.

So what do we need to have that plan for the future? We’ve got to understand what people are saying to us right across the United Kingdom. See, I think across our country there is a silent majority who wanted our country to endure but are telling us that things must change and they come from every walk of life. Like a young woman called Xiomara who works in a pub near where I live.

She lives at the opposite end of the country from Josephine. She’s separated by at least a generation. But they share a common experience. Xiomara couldn’t afford to go to college. So she got a job in the pub kitchen nearby, washing dishes. She’s worked incredibly hard and she’s worked her way up to be one of the chefs.

But like for Josephine, life by Xiomara is incredibly tough. And by the way, she thinks politics is rubbish. And let’s not pretend we don’t hear that a lot on the doorstep. What does she see in politics? She sees drift. She doesn’t think we can solve her problems, now we’ve got to prove her wrong. And it’s not just that people like Xiomara and Josephine are struggling with the problems of today and millions of other people.

I think there’s something almost even more important about our country. People have lost faith in the future. You know, the other day I was in the park. I was actually trying to work on my speech, believe it or not, and I wasn’t getting anywhere, so I went to the park and there were two young women who were in the park and they seemed excited to see me and they came over. And – it’s not that funny – one of them actually said “so it is true, you do meet famous people in this park.” And the other one said “yeah it is.” And then the first one said “no offence, we were hoping for Benedict Cumberbatch.”

But anyway, one of them said something which really stuck with me. She said this, she said: “My generation is falling into a black hole.” And she said about her parents’ generation: “they’ve had it so good and now there’s nothing left for us.” She wasn’t just speaking for herself, she was speaking for millions of people across our country. Millions of people who have lost faith in the future.

Like Gareth, who is high up at a software company. He’s got a five year old daughter, he’s earning a decent wage, he can’t afford to buy a home for himself and for his family, he’s priced out by the richest. He thinks that unless you’re one of the privileged few in Britain the country is not going to work for you and your kids are going to have a worse life than you.

And so many people, friends, across our country feel this way. They feel the country doesn’t work for them. And they’ve lost that faith in the future. Now our task is to restore people’s faith in the future. Not by breaking up our country. But by breaking with the old way of doing things. By breaking with the past.

I’m not talking about a different policy or a different programme. I’m talking about something much bigger. I’m talking about a different idea, a different ethic for the way our country succeeds.

You see, for all the sound and fury in England, Scotland, Wales, across the United Kingdom, what people are actually saying to us is this country doesn’t care about me. Our politics doesn’t listen. Our economy doesn’t work and they’re not wrong, they’re right and this Labour Party is going to put it right.

But friends, to do that we have to go back to the very foundations of who we are and how we run things. We just can’t carry on with the belief that a country can succeed as a country with a tiny minority at the top doing well.

Prosperity in one part of Britain, amongst a small elite. A circle that is closed to most, blind to the concerns of people. Sending the message to everyone but a few: you’re on your own. See, think about it for a minute. In our economy, it’s working people who are made to bear the burden of anxiety, precariousness and insecurity.

They’ve been told: you’re on your own.

So many young people who don’t have the privileges, think their life is going to be worse than their parents.

They’ve been told: you’re on your own.

So many small businesses are struggling against forces more powerful than themselves.

They’ve been told: you’re on your own.

And the most vulnerable have been thrown on the scrapheap, cast aside, not listened to even when they have a case.

They’ve been told: you’re on your own.

And to cap it all, in our politics, it’s a few who have the access while everyone else is locked out.

They’ve been told: you’re on your own.

No wonder people have lost faith in the future. That’s why so many people voted to break up our country. Is it any wonder? The deck is stacked. The game is rigged in favour of those who have all the power.

Friends, in eight months’ time, we’re going to call time on this way of running the country. Because you’re on your own doesn’t work for you, it doesn’t work for your family, it doesn’t work for Britain.

Can we build a different future for our country? Of course we can. But with a different idea for how we succeed. An idea that in the end won this referendum.

An idea I love because it says so much about who we are and who we have it in ourselves to become.

An idea rooted in this party’s character and our country’s history.

An idea that built our greatest institutions and got us through our darkest moments.

An idea that is just one simple word.

Together.

Together.

Together we can restore faith in the future.

Together we can build a better future for the working people of Britain.

Together we can rebuild Britain.

Friends, together we can.

Together says it is not just the powerful few at the top whose voices should be heard, it’s the voice of everyone. Together says that it is not just a few wealthy people who create the wealth of our country. It’s every working person. Together says that we just can’t won’t succeed as a country with the talents of a few, we’ve got to use the talents of all. Together says that we can’t have some people playing under different rules, everybody’s got to play under the same rules.

And together says that we have a duty to look after each other when times are hard. Together. The way we restore faith in the future. Together: a different idea for Britain.

Now you might be thinking this sounds like a pretty big undertaking, changing the way our country is run, a totally different idea, that’s quite a big task, is it really going to be possible? Can we do it? I mean, it’s the 21st century, is that going backwards? Well it isn’t. And the reason it isn’t is because that idea is everywhere around us to see.

In every walk of life. The inspiration is everywhere of a different way of doing things. See, earlier on I mentioned Gareth, who works at a software company, who’s worried about his daughter and worried about the future. I didn’t just meet him, I met his colleagues as well. And that software company, the thing that shines through about it for me is it is full of bright, savvy young people, full of great enthusiasm.

But it isn’t about the boss at the top. It isn’t each individual on their own. Go to every person at that company and they say the same thing. You need to use the talents of every single person. Not just the software designers, but the customer service. Not just the developers, but those who manage the accounts. And go to so many great businesses across our country and they’ll the same thing to you, that is the ethic of the 21st century in business.

We need great entrepreneurs. Britain needs great entrepreneurs. But the greatest entrepreneurs recognise that they’re only as strong as their team.

And it’s not just in business. They’ll be people here who work in our brilliant National Health Service. Our brilliant National Health Service, friends.

Earlier this year, I spent a couple of days at an NHS hospital in Watford. I wanted to go there to see how things look from the front line. Mainly I sort of got in the way really, but that’s what politicians tend to do. And I remember one evening I was in A&E at 9pm and I was watching nurses from different backgrounds different walks of life, all coming together. I was incredibly moved, I was incredibly inspired by the team work. I was so proud of our National Health Service.

Go to any great hospital, go to any great school, it is the team that makes it strong and then think about our brilliant armed forces and let us pay tribute to them today friends.

Our brilliant, heroic troops serving our country in the most dangerous places. Talk to any of them and they will talk about the team and the team that make sit strong. So it’s true of business, it’s true of public services, it’s true of our armed forces, it’s true of so many walks of life.

You see, if the ethic of the 20th century was hierarchy, order, planning, control, the talents of just a few, the ethic of the 21st century co-operation, everybody playing their part, sharing the rewards, the talents of all. Together. Friends, it is time we ran the country like we know it can be run.

Now here’s a question for you: If the challenge is to run the country on this principle of together, can the Tories be the answer?

Can the Tories be the answer?

I’ll tell you why they can’t be the answer, because if you want the best example of the “you’re on your own”, rig the system for the powerful few, insecure, throwback dogma then just look at this government.

If you’re a low paid worker struggling to make ends meet, you’re working harder for longer for less and you’re on your own.

If you’re a family in the squeezed middle you feel like you’re just treading water and you’re on your own.

If you’re on a zero-hours contract, getting up at 5am every morning to find out whether you’ve got work, they’ll tell you that is how an economy succeeds and you’re on your own.

If you are one of the people worried about the railway company, the payday lender, they’re not going to do anything to help you. You’re on your own.

And if you’re one of the nine million people who rent your home in the private sector, they’re certainly not going to do anything for you. They’re going to tell you you’re on your own.

And why? Because they say intervening would be like Venezuela. That’s what they say. You see they say they don’t believe in government intervention. Really? Of course they do.

Because if you are a millionaire who wants a tax cut, they’re certainly going to intervene to support you. You’re not going to be on your own.

If you are a banker, who’s worried about your bonus, well it’s good news for you because George Osborne is going to go all the way to Europe to fight tooth and nail to try and protect it. You certainly won’t be on your own.

If you are an energy company whose prices and profits are soaring, good news again. You’ve got a Prime Minister who’ll be your own PR man. You won’t be on your own.

And by the way, if you are a Conservative supporting, gold mining, luxury hotel owning, Putin award winning, Russian oligarch, and you have got a £160,000 to spare to bid in an auction, you won’t be on your own; you will be on tennis court playing doubles, with David Cameron. That tells you all you need to know about this government.

Now, look, we know the kind of election campaign they are going to fight. In the next eight months, David Cameron is going to talk a lot about the past. He’s not going to want to talk that much about the present or the future. Now why? He’s going to tell you, he’s going to tell the British public that none of the problems in our country are anything to do with him. He’s done a really outstanding, tremendous job and he really deserves a lot of congratulations and thanks.

So he’s done a great job; all the problems are nothing to do with him and if you just hang on until after the general election things are about to turn the corner for your family.

Now the British people will have to be the judge of this. But I think there are some things to bear in mind. The record of this government, friends, isn’t just mediocre. It is one of the worst ever.

The longest fall in living standards since 1870.

Wages rising slower than prices for 50 out of 51 months.

For your family five years of this government; five years of sacrifice and zero years of success.

Now you might think that David Cameron’s right and things are about to turn round for you and your family. As I say the British people will have to be the judge of this. But isn’t there a second, more plausible explanation for their record? A Tory economy is always an economy for the few.

Because that’s who they care about. That’s the basis on which they think a country succeeds. And so the past with this government is a good guide to the future. Your family worse off. You can’t afford to take that risk. The British people can’t afford another five years of David Cameron.

Now, I’ve got an idea for our Prime Minister: he likes the surfing, he likes playing that game Angry Birds and he likes the tennis with the Russian oligarchs. Friends, I’ve got a great idea: Why don’t we give him all the time in the world to do all of those things. Come next May, let’s send him into opposition.

It’s up to us. We have to build a future for you and your family. That’s what Labour’s plan for Britain’s future is all about.

Today I want to lay out six national goals. Not just for one term of office. Or even for one year. But a plan for the next ten years. Britain 2025.

Day one of me as Prime Minster, this is the plan, and these are the goals I want us to pursue. Now you might ask why ten years? I’ll tell you one of the reasons. People are fed up with politicians who come along and say vote for me and on day one everything will be transformed. Friends the British people won’t believe it. It’s what I call doing a Nick Clegg.

Look, when Nick Clegg broke that promise on tuition fees, he didn’t just destroy trust in himself and the Liberal Democrats. He did something else. He destroyed trust in politics. Every time a promise is broken, every time a false promise is made, every time we say vote for us and tomorrow everything will be totally different, people get more and more cynical. People get more and more turned off.

People think politics is more and more a game and that all we’re in it for is ourselves. That’s why I plan for the next ten years. Not a plan for the next ten years which says nothing changes. But a route map. A route map for the country.

A route map for people like Gareth that I talked about earlier. For the young woman who wanted to see Benedict Cumberbatch and ended up with me and said ‘My generation is falling into a black hole. I want to know there’s a future for me.’ That’s what this plan is about.

Our plan starts with rewarding hard work once again because that’s what we’ve got to do as a country. One in five of the men and women go out to work in our country, do their bit, make their contribution, put in the hours and find themselves on low pay. With Britain’s traditions, with Labour’s traditions, that should shame us all.

So our first national goal is that we halve the number of people in low pay by 2025. Transforming the lives of two million people in our country.

The principle of together says we don’t just use the talents of all, we reward the talent of all. And the minimum wage has got to become a route to bringing up your family with dignity.

So we will raise the minimum wage by £1.50 an hour by 2020. To over £8 an hour. A rise in pay of £60 a week for a full-time worker on the minimum wage. Or more than £3,000 a year. The Tories are the party of wealth and privilege.

Labour is the party of hard work fairly paid. And it’s not the low paid but it’s all working people who should have their talents rewarded.

So our second national goal is that all working people should share fairly in the growing wealth of the country. That means, as the economy grows, the wages of everyday working people grow at the same rate.

You know what’s amazing friends, is that statement, that goal is even controversial. It used to be taken for granted in our country that’s what would happen.

That’s what the cost of living crisis which the Tories don’t understand is all about. To counter it you need a government with a singular focus on tackling it. Key to this is transforming our economy so we create good jobs at decent wages. That requires a massive national effort. The principle of together: everybody playing their part.

For government it means no vested interest, no old orthodoxies, no stale mindset, should stand in the way of restoring this basic bargain of Britain. It means reforming our banks, much bigger reform of our banks. Breaking up the big banks.

So that we have the competition we need in our banking system. It means getting power out of Whitehall. We are far too centralised a country. It’s time we did something about it. It’s time we transferred power out of Whitehall. To our businesses, towns and cities, so that they can create the jobs, the prosperity, the wealth that they need.

It’s about businesses and trade unions engaging in cooperation not confrontation.

And it’s also about something else friends for this party. It’s using our historic values to fight for those at the frontline of the modern workforce. I’m talking about a group of people that we in the Labour Party haven’t talked about that much and we need to talk about them a lot more. The growing army of our self-employed.

Five million people in our country. Often the most entrepreneurial, go-getting people in Britain who have a hard, insecure life very often. You see, because of the job they do, two out of three don’t have a pension.

One in five can’t get a mortgage. They don’t want special treatment. They just want a fair shot. The task for this Labour Party is to end this 21st century modern discrimination. It is to fight and deliver equal rights for the self-employed in Britain.

I said earlier that we need to create good jobs at decent wages. To transform our economy. The jobs of the future. So our third national goal is that by 2025, Britain becomes truly a world leader in the green economy, creating one million new jobs as we do. Under this government, we’re falling behind Germany, Japan, the United States and even India and China when it comes to green technologies and services.

There are so many brilliant businesses who are desperate to do their bit but government’s not playing its part. With our plan, we will. This is what we’re going to do.

We’re going to commit to taking all of the carbon out of our electricity by 2030.

We’re going to have a Green Investment Bank with powers to borrow and attract new investment. And as Caroline Flint announced today, we will devolve power and resources to communities so we can insulate 5 million homes over the next ten years.

You see the environment isn’t that fashionable any more in politics as you may have noticed with David Cameron. But it matters. It’s incredibly important for our economy. And there is no more important issue for me when I think about my children’s’ generation and what I can do in politics, than tackling global climate change. Now we need a plan for jobs. We need a plan for wages. We need a plan that is actually going to help the working families of our country.

At the heart of our plan for our country and for your family is also a future for all of our young people.

I met somebody called Elizabeth the other day. Where is she? She’s here. Elizabeth, why don’t you stand up for one second. Elizabeth is an apprentice.

She’s an auto-electrician. I think it’s fair to say Elizabeth that you are breaking through in what’s been pretty much a man’s world. Now, let’s have another round of applause for her and the great job she’s doing. She is one of the lucky few. Actually Elizabeth’s school, because I met her yesterday, Elizabeth’s school helped her to get an apprenticeship. But so many other schools don’t do that. In fact, lots of the people I meet who are on apprenticeships say ‘my school said apprenticeships were rubbish and they wouldn’t help me but now I’m doing it, it’s really great for me’. Frankly there aren’t enough of them and they aren’t high-quality enough.

So our fourth national goal is that by 2025 as many young people will be leaving school or college to go on to an apprenticeship as currently go to university.

Now, I’ve got to tell you this is an absolutely huge undertaking. We are such a long way away from this as a country. It is going to require a massive national effort. It’s going to require young people to show the ambition to do well and to get on.

It’s going to require schools to lead a dramatic change in education, with new gold standard technical qualifications. And it is going to need business and government to lead a revolution in apprenticeships. You know, government is very good at preaching to business about what it should be doing. Let me just tell you: government is absolutely useless when it comes to apprenticeships. It’s true of governments of both parties. Look at other countries; they do a fantastic job in giving apprenticeships to the next generation. We don’t do that in this country.

First we’ve got to tackle the failure by government. Then we’ve got to say to business that you’ve got to play your part. If you want to bring in a worker from outside the EU, that’s ok but you must provide apprenticeships to the next generation.

You see we can’t have what’s happening at the moment in IT where you’ve got more and more people coming in but actually the number of apprenticeships falling in IT. And we’ve also got to say to business this: We’re going to give you control of the money for apprenticeships for the first time but in exchange, if you want a major government contract, then you must provide apprenticeships to our young people. A plan for jobs, for wages, for education.

But what is it, what other things give us confidence and security in life? It’s the love of the people we care most about. Decent work properly rewarded. But it’s also the confidence and security of having our own home. So many people don’t have that today. That very British dream, of home ownership, is fading for so many people. You know, under this government, we’re building fewer homes than at any time since the 1920s.

So our fifth national goal is that by 2025, for the first time in fifty years, this country will be building as many homes as we need. Doubling the number of first time buyers in our country.

Again it is going to require a massive national effort, a massive national effort. We won’t let large developers sit on land, we will say to small developers and construction companies that we will help them to build homes again in our country. We will build a new generation of towns, garden cities and suburbs creating over half a million new homes.

And we will also make housing the top priority for additional capital investment in the next parliament. This party will get Britain building again.

Your family also needs public services you can rely on. Education policing, transport and nowhere is that more true than our National Health Service.

I mentioned earlier on that I spent a couple of days at a hospital in Watford earlier on this year. And while I was there I met an amazing man called Colin in his 80s, who sadly died a few weeks later. But I will always remember my conversations with him. You see he remembered the foundation of the NHS, he remembered what life was like before the National Health Service. And I remember him saying to me: “Ed the problem then was you were on your own. On your own having to pay for medical treatment.” Friends we are so proud of our National Health Service. And I know my duty to Colin and to the British people. It is to make sure our NHS is there when we need it.

So our sixth national goal is that we create a truly world-class 21st century health and care service.

Because a hospital is only as good as the services in the community. So see that’s the biggest lesson I learnt in Watford. If people can’t get to see their GP, if elderly people can’t get the visits they need then they end up in hospital when it could have been avoided. And that’s bad for them, and it is bad for the taxpayer it costs billions of pounds. And let’s face it friends those services are creaking.

Those services are creaking just now. One in four people can’t get to see their GP within a week. We’ve had the scandal of home care visits for the elderly restricted to just 15 minutes. In this day and age. The NHS does face huge challenges over the coming years. We will transform our NHS. It is time to care about our NHS. We need doctors, nurses, midwives, care workers, who are able to spend proper time with us, not rushed off their feet. So we will set aside resources so that we can have in our NHS 3,000 more midwives, 5,000 more care workers, 8,000 more GPs and 20,000 more nurses. An NHS with time to care.

And in order to pay for it we won’t borrow an extra penny. Or raise taxes on ordinary working families. We will clamp down on tax avoidance including tax loopholes by the hedge funds to raise over £1 billion. We will use the proceeds from a mansion tax on homes above £2 million.

And we will raise extra resources from the tobacco companies, who make soaring profits on the back of ill health. Because friends the principle of building it together means everyone playing their part in making our NHS what it needs to be.

In total we will set aside £2.5 billion in an NHS time to care fund and tomorrow Andy Burnham will set out our integrated plan for physical health, mental health and care for the elderly. Truly a 21st century National Health Service. The stakes are incredibly high at this election and nowhere more so than on the National Health Service because we know the NHS is sliding backwards under this government. We know they are privatising and fragmenting it.

Just imagine what another five years of David Cameron would mean for our National Health Service Friends.

We are not going to let it happen, our NHS is too precious, too important and we will not let it happen. Friends, we built the NHS. We saved the NHS. We are going to repeal the Health and Social Care Bill and we are going to transform our NHS for the future. That is what the next Labour government will do and friends, we will do it together.

Six national goals friends. Six national goals to transform our country. Not a false promise on day one. Not some pie in the sky idea that can’t be delivered. Real, concrete ideas that can transform our country. That can restore faith in the future. A plan for Britain’s future. Labour’s plan for Britain’s future.

But to make that happen we also have to do something else and transform who has power in our country so that those who feel locked out feel let back in.

You know people think Westminster politics is out of touch, irrelevant and often disconnected from their lives.

And as somebody who stands at Prime Minister’s Questions each Wednesday I often know what they mean. We might as well say it; it is what people think about politics. They think it is not about them and we’ve got to change it. We don’t just need to restore people’s faith in the future with this economic and social plan we need to change the way politics works in this country. What does that mean?

First of all it is time to hear the voice of young people in our politics so we will give the vote to 16 and 17 year olds in general elections.

It is time we complete the unfinished business of reform of the House of Lords so we truly have a Senate of the nations and regions. And it is time to devolve power in England.

And I’m incredibly proud of our proposals. Our ambitious proposals to reverse a century of centralisation and there can be no better place to be talking about this then here in Manchester. Devolving power to local government, bringing power closer to people right across England.

And we need bigger reform of our constitution, but here is the thing friends, given everything we know about what people think of Westminster politics, it has got to be led by the people.

It can’t be some Westminster stitch-up. That is why we need a proper constitutional convention harnessing the civic energy and spirit of people right across our land. England, Scotland, Wales, every part of the United Kingdom. But you know I have realised something else giving people voice is also about recognising who we are as a country.

We are more than ever, four countries and one. England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and Britain too.

Each nation making its contribution. We are not just better together, we are greater together. And that is not something to fear that is something to be proud of. I learnt something really important as I’m sure we all did in this referendum campaign.

All of those people who were proud to be Scottish and proud to be British. Just like there are so many people who are proud to be Welsh and proud to be British.

No one more so than our brilliant First Minister of Wales, Carwyn Jones and let’s hear it for him today Ladies and Gentleman.

And so too we can be proud to be English and proud to be British. And I say to this party we must fight for these traditions and not cede them to others. Englishness: a history of solidarity.

From the Battle of Cable Street against Oswald Mosley and the black shirts to the spirit of the Blitz. Englishness: traditions of fairness. From the Ford workers at Dagenham who fought for equal pay to today’s campaigners for the living wage. Englishness: a spirit of internationalism. From those who fought in the Spanish Civil War to our generosity to those overseas. Now friends there will be some people who tell you that being English, Welsh or Scottish means dividing or setting ourselves against each other. Rubbish. Why? Because here is what we the Labour Party know.

The injustices facing working face them right across the United Kingdom and we can only tackle them together. That is after all what we spent the last two years fighting for and I am not going to let anyone after the last two years drive us apart.

If David Cameron cares so much about the Union why is he seeking to divide us?

He is learning the wrong lessons from Scotland. He is learning the wrong lessons from Scotland. Because what he doesn’t understand is that the lessons are of course about the constitution, but they are not about playing political tactics about England.

And here is why he is doing it. David Cameron doesn’t lie awake at night thinking about the United Kingdom. He lies awake at night thinking about the United Kingdom Independence Party. UKIP. That is why he is doing it friends and I say pandering to them is just one more reason why he is not fit to be the Prime Minister of this great country.

Better together, across the United Kingdom. But also better together, true to our traditions of internationalism. And nowhere is that more true than when it comes to Europe and the European Union. Friends, let me say it plainly: our future lies inside not outside the European Union.

We need to reform Europe. We need to reform Europe on the economy, on immigration, on benefits, on all of these big issues. But here is the question for Britain. How do we reform Europe? Do we reform Europe by building alliances or by burning alliances?

Well, look, what’s really good is that we’ve had a recent experience, a test case, by David Cameron of his strategy.

I don’t know whether you missed it, but it’s about somebody called Jean-Claude Juncker. And in case you missed the score, it’s not so good from his point of view, that’s David Cameron, is he lost by 26 to 2.

Now, why did he lose? Because at the start people thought he might win that vote. I’ll tell you why. Because you see the problem for our country is that when David Cameron comes calling, people don’t think he’s calling about the problems of Britain or the problems of Europe. They think he’s calling about the problems of the Conservative Party. And here’s the funny thing friends, here’s the funny thing. If you’re elected the Chancellor of Germany or the Prime Minister of Italy or the President of France you don’t really think you were elected to solve the problems of the Conservative Party.

That’s why he can’t succeed for our country. And, look, what we had over Jean-Claude Juncker is just a preview of what could befall this country if David Cameron was back in power after 2015. Because he lost 26 to 2 over that. He has to win 28-0 to get reform of Europe. Unanimity. No chance for David Cameron.

He’s got no chance of fighting for this country. Because people think he’s got one hand on the exit door and his strategy has failed. If you want to reform Europe. If you want to change the way Europe works. If you want to keep Britain in the European Union and if you realise that the biggest threat to our prosperity is now the Conservative Party, the right answer is a Labour government.

I’m determined that as Prime Minister, I promote our values all round the world and one of the things that that means friends is seeking a solution to a problem that we know in our hearts is one of the biggest problems our world faces and that is issues in the Middle East and Israel and Palestine.

I tell you, I will fight with every fibre of my being to get the two state solution, two states for two people, Israel and a Palestinian state living side by side, that will be a very, very important task of the next Labour government, friends.

There’s one other thing I want to say about what we need to do abroad. You know we have made extraordinary progress on Lesbian and Gay rights over the last twenty years. If I think about the transformation that I have seen growing up into adulthood, the biggest transformation.

We’ve made such progress on equality. But we have to face the fact that internationally things are, if anything, going backwards. We can’t just let that happen. We can’t just say “well, that’s OK”. The next Labour government will fight to make sure that we fight for our values and for human rights all round the world.

So today I can announce that I am appointing Michael Cashman, Lord Cashman, as our envoy on LGBT rights all round the world.

So it’s about a plan, at home and abroad, but it’s also about leadership.

Friends – you know, I know, that the next eight months represent my interview with the British people for one of the most important jobs in our country.

Let me tell you what I care about.

I care about big ideas that can change our country.

The principle of together.

I care about hearing the voices of people right across our land and not shutting them out.

And I care about something else.

I care about using the power of government to stand up against powerful forces when we need to do so.

It came home to me the other day, when I met Rosie, a doctor from Devon, and she said to me: “what we need is someone who will stand up for working people, for everyday people, because you will have the power and we won’t.”

That’s why I stood up to Rupert Murdoch over phone hacking. That’s why I stood up to the banks over bonuses. That’s why I stood up to the payday lenders over their exploitation of the poorest people in our country. That’s why I stood up to the energy companies over their profits and prices and, yes, it’s why I stood up to the Daily Mail when they said my dad hated Britain because I know my dad loved Britain.

Ok, that’s me, but what about the other guy. Now this isn’t a conventional job interview so I get to say something about him. He stands up for the principle of “you’re on your own”. He stands up for the privileged few. And here’s the thing that gets me the most about him perhaps. He really thinks that a good photo opportunity will fool people into thinking he doesn’t just stand up for the rich and privileged, he stands up for you and your family.

In this day and age, when people are so cynical about politics, I just think it adds to that cynicism. But here’s the thing. He’s been found out.

He’s been found out because he hugged a huskie before an election, and then said “cut the Green crap” after an election.

He’s been found out because he stood outside an NHS hospital before an election with a placard saying “no hospital closures”, and he closed that very same A&E department after the election.

He’s been found out because he changed his logo to a tree before an election, and tried to sell off the forests after the election.

And he’s been found out because he said he was a compassionate conservative before the election, and he imposed the cruel, the vindictive, the unfair Bedroom Tax after the election.

And you know what gets me even more? You know what gets me even more? Is that even now, with all the tales of misery, hardship, injustice, he thinks a bit of rebranding will get him off the hook. So he calls it the “spare room subsidy” as if that will make the problem go away. Well, David Cameron, you’ve been found out.

So friends, there is a choice of leadership at this election. A real, stark choice of leadership. Leadership that stands for the privileged few or leadership that fights for you and your family. And as I said earlier, this isn’t just about leadership and government and Labour’s plan for Britain’s future. It’s also about all of you.

See, we can’t build the country we need without you. Without mobilising every part of Britain.

So I say to young people: we need your hope, your energy, your vitality.

I say to every older person: we respect your service and we need your wisdom.

I say to every business: you can be part of this and we can’t do it without you.

I say to every entrepreneur: we need your ideas, your enthusiasm.

I say to every charity: we admire your spirit and we want to hear your voice.

I say to every nurse, every teacher, every public service worker: we salute your dedication and we know why you do what you do.

I say to every person in our country who believes that tomorrow can be better than today: we need you.

Together we bring up our families.

Together we look out for our neighbours.

Together we care for our communities.

Together we build great businesses, the best in the world.

Together we teach the young.

Together we heal the sick.

Together we care for the old.

Together we invent cures for the most terrible of diseases.

So, of course, friends, together we can rebuild our country.

Together we can reward hard work.

Together we can ensure the next generation does better than the last.

Together we can make our NHS greater than it has ever been before.

Together we can make Britain prouder, stronger in the world.

Together we can restore faith in the future.

On our own, we can’t but together we can.

In the next eight months the British people face one of the biggest choices in generations.

A choice between carrying on as we are, on your own, for the privileged few.

Or a different, better future for our country.

We are ready.

Labour’s plan for Britain’s future.

Let’s make it happen.

Together. Thank you very much.

Copy of Ed Balls full Conference Speech:

Twenty years ago, starting at this Labour conference, we together took the historic step of reforming our party’s constitution.

The result is on the back of our membership cards today.

Our goal: ‘a community in which power, wealth and opportunity are in the hands of the many not the few.’

Our conviction, that: ‘By the strength of our common endeavour we achieve more than we achieve alone’.

Twenty years on, that Labour vision – our Labour values – are more relevant than they have ever been.

Because, while our economy is growing again, taxes are up, wages are down, NHS waiting times are rising, and most working people are still not seeing any benefit from the recovery.

It’s no wonder the country is crying out for change.

But at a time when trust in politicians is at an all-time low – and when even after deep spending cuts and tax rises for working people, our deficit is still high – this is our task.

Not to flinch from the tough decisions we must make. But to show the country that there is a better way forward.

Labour’s plan for Britain’s future. Our common endeavour: to build an economy that works for the many, and not just a few, for all working people in every part of our United Kingdom.

And Conference, when we think of those words – ’by the strength of our common endeavour we achieve more than we achieve alone’ – don’t they resonate more loudly after the events of the last few days?

Because Conference, we meet here in Manchester, a united party in our still United Kingdom.

And let us pay tribute to Johan Lamont and Margaret Curran, Alistair Darling and Gordon Brown, Anas Sawar, Jim Murphy, Douglas Alexander, in my team Cathy Jamieson, all the MPs and MSPs, party workers and volunteers, many more beyond our own party too, who have worked so tirelessly to win last week’s vote. Conference, we thank them all.

But let us never forget, after all the campaigning and brilliant barnstorming speeches, the decision to stay together and shape Scotland’s future within our United Kingdom was not made by politicians or pundits but by the people of Scotland.

They voted to retain the shared prosperity, and security, and solidarity that our union delivers. But the people of Scotland did not vote for the status quo. They voted for the opportunity to shape Scotland’s future with greater devolution. And it is our duty to deliver on that promise – and for Wales and for the cities and regions of England too.

Yes, we do need to change our constitution and reform and strengthen our union in a fair way – a process which should start from the people, not politicians. But we know too that people in Scotland and across the rest of the United Kingdom want bigger change than that.

Change which goes beyond powers and processes, parliaments and constitutions. Radical change to build an economy that works for all working people.

Conference, knocking on doors in my constituency a few Sundays ago, I spoke to a mum in Outwood.

She told me her teenage son had finished college and had been looking for a job for ages.

She was so relieved when he finally got one, but worried he’s on a zero-hours contract.

Every morning he has to ring in at 7 o’clock to see if they want him.

And when they say no, and he can do nothing else until the next morning, she said it breaks her heart.

Because he deserves better than this. And she’s right. And that story is not the exception.

It’s one of thousands and thousands of doorstep stories all of us hear across our country every week.

Parents worried about whether their children will get a job or an apprenticeship and whether the next generation will be worse off than their own.

Relying on us – Labour – to make things better.

Families and pensioners seeing prices in the shops and heating bills going up and up.

Millions of people – in the private and public sectors – struggling without a pay rise or unable to get the hours they need, still not feeling the benefit of this recovery.

And relying on us – Labour – to make things better.

Young people struggling to save to get on and buy a house.

Disabled people and family carers forced to pay the government’s Bedroom Tax.

Thousands of people working in our NHS, millions more who depend upon it, worried about rising waiting times and creeping privatisation.

All relying on us – Labour – to make things better.

And Conference, we must not let them down.

And that is why it is our job to go on and win the General Election so we can change Britain and deliver our country from this unfair, out of touch and failing Tory Government.

Conference, we all know the great weight of responsibility we carry on our shoulders.

And that is why our party is so united and determined and fired up to get Ed into Downing Street.

Over the last four years, Ed has led us from the front.

Reforming our party and leading a Shadow Cabinet with more women than ever before and more BME candidates than ever before.

Modernising our relationship with the trade unions.

Standing up for the victims of phone-hacking.

Speaking up for the British people on the cost of living crisis.

Demanding the reforms we need to change our economy.

At every turn, he has led this party with courage, strength, principle and vision, and he will do the same for our country.

Our leader, Britain’s next Prime Minister, Ed Miliband.

And as for David Cameron and George Osborne, going round the country saying they’ve fixed the economy, telling people they’ve never had it so good.

How out of touch can you get?

Prices still rising faster than wages.

And the Tories say they’ve fixed the economy.

The slowest recovery for 100 years.

Business investment still lagging behind .

The lowest level of house building since the ‘20s.

One in six young people out of work.

The gender pay gap widening again.

Over a million zero hours contracts.

Working people £1,600 a year worse off.

And the Tories say they’ve fixed the economy?

What planet are they on?

Conference, working people can’t afford five more years of the Tories.

We know what the Tories really mean when they say they’ve fixed the economy.

The millionaires who got a massive tax cut.

That’s who the Tories have fixed it for.

The hedge funds funding the Tory party.

That’s who the Tories have fixed it for.

The big investors buying the Royal Mail on the cheap.

Russian oligarchs buying tennis matches with Boris and Dave.

That’s who the Tories have fixed it for.

Conference, it’s the same old Tories.

And it’s the same old Tory economics.

Cutting taxes at the top and hoping wealth will somehow trickle down.

Standing up for a privileged few, while everyone else is left behind

For the few not the many.

David Cameron, George Osborne, and Nick Clegg.

And now David Cameron thinks a grateful and devoted nation will give him another five years in Downing Street.

You know what – even his own party don’t believe him anymore

Remember Cameron’s A list?

Nine Tories elected in 2010 already standing down.

From the A List to the Exit Door in just four years.

Nine Tories leaving.

Another scurrying off to UKIP.

And Boris scrambling back to Westminster, preparing to elbow David Cameron out of the way.

That’s today’s Tories.

Giving up on Cameron.

Giving up on the General Election.

Starting to fight the next Tory leadership election instead.

Conference, we know working people can’t afford five more years of the Tories.

But this is no time for complacency.

Because this is the hard truth that we learn – not just from events in Scotland – but also from the local and European elections, the rise of UKIP and from the conversations we all have on the doorstep and in our workplaces week after week.

Yes, the Tories are deeply unpopular.

And yes, the country is crying out for change.

But, even after the progress and successes of our last four years, we have more work to do to show Labour can deliver the change that people want to see.

To show that we have learned from our time in government, that we will make the tough decisions we need to get the deficit down, and that we can change our economy and make it work for working people.

So Conference it’s more important than ever that we – the Labour Party – are honest with the country about what the last Labour government got right and what we got wrong.

Like you, I’m proud of many of the things we did.

Conference, we – Labour – introduced the first ever national minimum wage – and we will raise it if we win the election next year.

We – Labour – introduced free nursery places for the first time – and we will expand free childcare for working parents if we win the election.

We – Labour – introduced civil partnerships and paved the way this year for our country’s first ever same-sex marriages.

We opened 3,500 Sure Start children’s centres.

We made the right call on not joining the Euro.

And most important of all, starting in 1997, after 18 years of neglect, we reformed the NHS, we invested in the NHS, we reduced waiting times from 18 months to 18 weeks in the NHS.

Conference, we saved our National Health Service from the Tories.

And next year, after just five years of David Cameron – with waiting times rising, fewer nurses and a crisis in A&E – we will have to save the NHS from the Tories once again. And we will do what it takes.

Because Conference, it’s the oldest truth in British politics: you can never ever trust the Tories with our NHS.

So we can be proud of many things we did.

But where we made mistakes – like all governments do – we should be grown up about it.

We should put our hands up, learn from the past and explain how we will do things differently in the future.

So Conference, we should have had tougher rules on immigration from Eastern Europe – it was a mistake not to have transitional controls in 2004.

And we must change the rules in the future.

Longer transitional controls for new countries.

A longer time people have to work before they can get unemployment benefit.

Stopping people claiming child benefit and tax credits for families abroad.

Cracking down on employers who exploit migrant workers and undercut wages by avoiding the minimum wage and proper rights at work.

Tough controls, fair rules.

That is what we mean by fair movement not free movement.

And Conference, while it was the banks which caused the global recession, and it was the global recession which caused deficits to rise here in Britain and around the world, the truth is we should have regulated those banks in a tougher way.

It was a mistake. We should apologise for it. And I do.

And so as we get the deficit down, we must reform our banks for the future so that can never happen again.

And Conference, and we didn’t do enough to tackle the underlying causes of rising spending on housing benefit and in-work poverty.

So the next Labour government will raise the minimum wage, build more homes to get the housing benefit bill down and cap overall spending on social security.

And Conference, we should not have scrapped the 10p starting rate of income tax.

But we don’t just need to learn from our mistakes.

We also need to put right the mistakes this Government has made.

So we won’t pay for new free schools in areas where there are excess school places.

We will repeal the NHS Bill and stop the creeping privatisation of the National Health Service.

And yes, Conference, in our first Budget, the next Labour government will scrap the Bedroom Tax too.

Building on our record.

Learning from the mistakes of the last Labour government.

And putting right the mistakes of this Tory Government.

A changed Labour Party to change Britain.

But we will face great challenges.

Working people are already paying more taxes.

Our public services are under great pressure.

We know there would have been tough decisions on tax, spending and pay restraint in this parliament whoever was in government.

But three years of lost growth at the start of this parliament means we will have to deal with a deficit of £75 billion – not the balanced budget George Osborne promised by 2015.

And that will make the task of governing hugely difficult.

And this goes to the heart of the political challenge we face.

People know we are the party of jobs, living standards and fairness for working people.

But they also need to know that we will balance the books and make the sums add up and that we won’t duck the difficult decisions we will face if they return us to government.

Working people have had to balance their own books.

And they are clear that the government needs to balance its books too.

So Labour will balance the books in the next parliament.

These will be our tough fiscal rules. We will get the current budget into surplus and the national debt falling as soon as possible in the next parliament.

Tough fiscal rules that our National Policy Forum endorsed in July, demonstrating that, however difficult, our party can unite in tough times to agree a radical, credible and fully costed programme for government.

And we will legislate for these tough fiscal rules in the first year after the election and they will be independently monitored by the Office for Budget Responsibility.

So in our manifesto there will be no proposals for any new spending paid for by additional borrowing.

No spending commitments without saying where the money is coming from.

Because we will not make promises we cannot keep and cannot afford.

And because we will need an iron commitment to fiscal discipline, we want the Office for Budget Responsibility to be allowed to independently audit the costing of every spending and tax measure in Labour’s manifesto – and those of the other main parties too.

A bold reform which the Tories are desperate to block. Because they are running scared from having their own manifesto subject to independent scrutiny.

And because David Cameron and George Osborne want to carry on peddling untruths and smears about Labour’s plans.

Conference, the next Labour government will get the deficit down.

And Ed Miliband and all my Shadow Cabinet colleagues are clear it will mean cuts and tough decisions and we will take the lead.

So I can announce today that if we win the election, on day one of the next Labour government, the pay of every government Minister will immediately be cut by five per cent.

Ministerial pay will then be frozen each year until we have achieved our promise to balance the nation’s books

Because we are all clear that everybody in the next Labour government will be fully focused on that vital task of getting the deficit down.

And Conference, our Zero-Based Review of public spending is examining every pound spent by government to cut out waste and make different choices.

Andy Burnham is setting out how we can save money, and improve care by pooling health and social care with a single budget and joint management.

Yvette Cooper has set out how police forces will work more closely together to make savings. And we will scrap Police and Crime Commissioners so that we can do more to protect frontline policing.

Hilary Benn is working with the toughest and best generation of local government leaders we have ever had to make savings and free up resources for the front-line.

We will look to prioritise early intervention now which can save billions of pounds in the future.

And we will insist that all the proceeds from the sale of our stakes in Lloyds and RBS are used not for a frivolous pre-election giveaway – but instead that every penny of profit will be used to repay the national debt.

Conference, fiscal responsibility in the national interest.

And we will have to make other decisions which I know will not be popular with everyone.

At a time when the public services that pensioners rely on are under such pressure, we will stop paying the winter fuel allowance to the richest five per cent of pensioners.

Over the long-term, as life expectancy rises, we will need to continue to raise the retirement age to keep our pensions system affordable.

We will cap structural social security spending and keep the benefits cap, but we will make sure it properly reflects local housing costs.

I want to see child benefit rising again in line with inflation in the next parliament, but we will not spend money we cannot afford. So for the first two years of the next parliament, we will cap the rise in child benefit at one per cent. It will save £400 million in the next Parliament. And all the savings will go towards reducing the deficit.

But unlike the Tories we will always ask those who have the most to make the biggest contribution.

That is why, with the deficit still high and working people already paying more, we opposed David Cameron cutting the 50p top rate of tax. Now cannot be the right time to give the richest 1 per cent of people in the country a £3 billion tax cut.

So as we get the deficit down in the next parliament, the next Labour government will reverse this Tory tax cut for millionaires.

Because Labour will balance the books in a fairer way.

In the next parliament, when we will continue to face tough spending constraints, I want to see pay settlements that are both affordable and fair.

Public and private sector workers should all share fairly in rising prosperity.

So Labour will not undermine fairness and the independent Pay Review Bodies by rejecting their advice out of hand.

Instead, we will work with the Pay Review Bodies, employers and employees, to ensure that pay settlements are affordable and fair, doing more for those on lower pay with tougher settlements at the top.

Conference, we will also scrap the shares for rights scheme, reverse the tax cut for hedge funds, crack down hard on tax avoidance and close tax loopholes.

And we will levy a tax on the highest value properties – a mansion tax on houses worth over £2 million.

But we will do it in a fair, sensible and proportionate way. Raising the limit each year in line with average rises in house prices. Putting in place protections for those who are asset rich but cash poor. And ensuring those with properties worth tens of millions of pounds make a significantly bigger contribution than those in houses just above the limit.

Because how can it be right that the billionaire overseas buyer this year of a £140 million penthouse in Westminster will pay just £26 a week in property tax — the same as the average-value property in that area?

Different choices for fairer deficit reduction and to safeguard our vital public services.

Labour’s plan to balance the books in a fairer way.

Labour’s economic plan will balance the books.

But an economic plan must do much more than that.

We also need to change the way our economy works.

Restoring the broken link between the wealth of the nation and family finances and delivering rising prosperity for all.

Across the developed world, rapid technological change is replacing traditional skilled jobs too – in banking and offices as well as on production lines.

The result is a ‘hollowing out’ of our labour market: medium-wage, skilled jobs on the slide. Low-wage, insecure employment on the rise.

Conference in this new world, we know we cannot succeed the Tory way through a race to the bottom – with British companies simply trying to compete on cost as people see their job security eroded and living standards decline.

We can only succeed and create the number of good jobs we need

through a race to the top.

So Labour’s economic plan will transform vocational education.

We will work with employers to introduce a gold standard technical qualification and radically expand apprenticeships.

And we will get young people back to work.

Rachel Reeves will introduce a Compulsory Jobs Guarantee, a paid job for young people and the long-term unemployed, which people will have to take up or lose benefits.

Paid for by repeating the tax on bank bonuses.

Ending the scourge of long-term unemployment once and for all.

Making work pay

And because a modern economy depends not just on traditional infrastructure, but on the most important modern infrastructure of all childcare.

So we will increase the bank levy to expand free childcare for working parents to 25 hours a week to help Mums and Dads balance work and family life.

We will give tax breaks to firms that pay the living wage and end the exploitative use of zero-hours contracts.

And by the end of the next parliament, Labour will increase the national minimum wage to £8 an hour.

But what’s the Tory plan for the next Parliament? They want to spend £3 billion on a tax break for a minority of married couples.

People who are separated, widowed or divorced won’t get it.

Women who’ve fled and divorced an abusive partner won’t get it.

Read the small print and you see that two thirds of married couples won’t get it.

And 5 out of 6 families with children won’t get it either.

And the Tories call it their flagship policy for families.

So in our first Budget, we will scrap this unfair policy and instead use the money to introduce a lower 10p starting rate of income tax.

A tax cut for 24 million people on middle and low incomes. More working people benefiting. More women benefitting. More married couples. More families with children.

A fairer way to help hard working people in tough times.

And Conference, Labour’s economic plan means a modern industrial policy to back growth sectors like advanced manufacturing, clean technology and the creative industries.

Proper competition in banking and energy markets.

New takeover rules to support long-term investment, not short-term asset-stripping.

A proper British Investment Bank so businesses can get the finance they need.

Giving the Green Investment Bank the borrowing powers it needs to do its job.

And Chuka Umunna and I have asked Graham Cole, Chair of AgustaWestland UK to review what more we can do more to back British exports.

We will keep Britain’s corporation tax rates at the lowest in the G7, but instead of another corporation tax cut next year, our economic plan will use the money to cut business rates for small firms – because it’s time we had a fairer deal for small businesses across Britain.

And Conference, why should decisions on what skills Manchester needs be made in Whitehall?

Why should a Transport Minister in Westminster make decisions about all the transport needs of Birmingham, Newcastle or Leeds?

So our economic plan will devolve power and resources not only to Scotland and Wales but to city and county regions in every part of England.

Our new, independent National Infrastructure Commission will end dither and delay on big infrastructure decisions we need for the future.

And whatever the outcome of the Howard Davies review into airport capacity, we must resolve to finally make a decision on airport capacity in London and the South East – expanding capacity while taking into account the environmental impact. No more kicking into the long-grass, but taking the right decisions for Britain’s long-term future.

And Conference, our country badly needs more homes.

Demand is outstripping supply, risking a premature rise in interest rates. The housing benefit bill is rising.

So, following the Lyons report, and by making housing a priority within the existing capital settlement for the next parliament, Labour’s economic plan will get at least 200,000 new homes a year built by 2020.

Creating jobs, helping first-time buyers and building the homes Britain needs for the future.

And Conference, Labour’s economic plan is based on the clear conviction that Britain has always succeeded, and can only succeed in the future, as an open and internationalist and outward-facing trading nation.

We need reform in Europe.

Cutting wasteful subsidies.

Getting the Euro area growing again.

Reforming immigration rules.

Ending the waste of two European Parliaments.

So let us build the alliances to secure reforms and change Europe so it works better for Britain.

Conference, as we heard so powerfully from the Chief Executive of Airbus this morning, we’re not going to earn our way to higher living standards by walking away from our biggest single market.

Let us say loud and clear, walking away from Europe would be a disaster for British jobs and investment.

Conference, on Europe this party will always put the national interest first.

Conference, that is Labour’s economic plan.

That is the kind of government we should be – ambitious, reforming, doing what it takes to deliver an economy that works for working people, in every part of Britain.

And that’s the kind of Chancellor I want to be too.

People rightly want to know who we are, what drives us on, what makes us tick.

So let me say this.

I’d always rather taxes were lower, but my first tax cuts would be for millions of hard working people – not millionaires.

I hate wasteful spending, but I also hate the waste of talent of one in six young people out of work.

I’m pro-business, but not business as usual.

I’m pro-Europe, but I’d never join the Euro.

I love the NHS – and I will do whatever it takes to save it.

And above all else, I want to build a better and fairer country for my children and all of our children

Because as someone who has grown up with a stammer, I have worked all my political life to break down barriers so that all children can succeed, and to get extra help and support to those children who need it. Because I don’t want to live in a society where children are held back by their special need or disability, by their parents’ income or by the colour of their skin.

That’s why I’m Labour.

Conference, I am a realist and an optimist.

I don’t believe in ducking difficult choices, unpopular decisions, hard truths.

But I do believe in the power of politics and public service to make a difference.

That’s who I am.

That’s who we are.

That’s what our Labour Party is for.

And that is why I am proud to be a member of this party and to serve in Ed Miliband’s Shadow Cabinet.

So Conference.

We have learned from our past and our mistakes.

We are tough enough to make the difficult decisions.

And – with Ed Miliband’s leadership – by the strength of our common endeavour – we can make the change Britain needs.

Conference, this is what our first Labour Budget will do:

A British Investment Bank set up.

Business rates cut.

Tax avoidance tackled.

The deficit down fairly.

Infrastructure decisions made, not delayed.

The minimum wage raised.

Energy bills frozen.

A jobs guarantee for young people.

Tax cuts for millions – not millionaires.

Bank bonuses taxed.

The bedroom tax scrapped.

Our NHS saved.

That’s what Labour’s first Budget will do.

Fixing the economy for everyone.

A plan for the many not the few.

People relying on us to deliver.

We will not let them down

Thank you.

 

 

The rude awakening of Birmingham Trojan Horse


Recently I had a friend over for tea after Friday prayers whilst we were engaged in conversation we were just happen to be talking about our children of the future as parents would discuss as it’s human nature to map out what we want the best for them to be by encouraging them to be future leaders in their chosen field(s) the subject turned to the recent events of Birmingham Trojan  Horse over alleged allegations of Muslim extremism in schools I made it clear that i am a man of no faith and I don’t in faith schools either but i respect all views and decide for myself in what I believe in for the best interest of our children of today then my friend said something which kept on ring in me to find out more of what my close friend Mohammed Ashraf had to say:

For many months we have seen the Trojan horse affair, gather momentum in national media, triggering a number of investigations and causing ruptures in senior government. All of course, on a letter that is largely seen as a fake.

As the dust settles, where has it left the predominantly Muslim community of inner-city Birmingham?

IMG_1524Having been a governor at Golden Hillock School, one of the Trojan horse affected schools from September 2012, I witnessed firsthand the challenges the school faced but given hope seeing the potential of young ambitious children seeking a good education. Parents see the values of education and understand their children’s potentials given the right tools in becoming the success of tomorrow.

On Thursday 21st August, thousands of children collected their GCSE results, pictures of joy posted across our television screens but in a small part of

Birmingham the mood was quite somber. From a few months ago where inner-city

Birmingham was the focus, many media outlets now have seem to of forgotten the devastation the Trojan horse affair has caused for the generation collecting their results at these schools. Golden Hillock School had forecasted 57% of their pupils achieving 5 GCSE’s A*-C but the results crashed to 45%, 5% above

floor targets. Leaked results have shown that Saltley School (37%) and Parkview Academy (58%) results have significantly dropped. Having a child also affected, what can I do without now being branded an extremist, who is responsible and accountable for these failures and what hope does my child and the many other children have affected by the whole affair?

Ofsted, DfE, EFA, Birmingham City Council and the politicians would think they have done a good job and move on but what about the generation lost?

I received a letter from the new PVET board with the first line, “Yesterday was a day to celebrate the many successes of the students of Park View and Golden Hillock”. I am already disappointed as a father who has been failed, what am I expected to celebrate, how are the other parents expected to celebrate whose children will not be able to continue their desired course? The letter has no mention of the results dropping or support for the children. If these drops are seen as a success in inner-city Birmingham schools, what are seen as failures?

What is the future for these schools?

I believe it will be to protect Head teachers first then children second. Liam

Byrne MP wanted ‘the best in the business and parental involvements’. This is now widely being seen as a major flaw. We have the new structure at PVET where the 3 permanent trustees are 3 current serving head teachers in Birmingham schools. 2 Parents will be elected, so head teachers will always have a majority. From leaks and now a widespread rumour, the local governing bodies will have little say in the running of the school in comparison with the rest of the schools across the country. The head teacher of the school will not be accountable to the local governing body nor will the schools finances but the responsibility of the PVET board. Applications for parent elections have gone out but NO terms of reference for Parent Governor Positions. As Arshad Malik put at Birmingham City Councils Joint Scrutiny Board (Education and Vulnerable Children and Social Cohesion and Community Safety Overview and Scrutiny Committees), “The applications are like applying for a CEO position”.

The Local governing body will merely have an oversight of the curriculum.

Clearly the new PVET board has trust issues with the Muslim community. What is more disturbing, head teachers will be accountable to head teachers which make a complete mockery of accountability. Structures are being demised only in these schools to protect head teachers despite failures, so parents and the community are unable to hold schools to account.

The Parent Governors will be ‘selected’ by the trustees to fill shortfalls in skills (seems to be the only trust that operates like this). NO democracy as there does not seems to be elections within the new processes. In short, a handpicked, who ‘they want’ and a dictatorship.

There are concerns that Friday prayers will eventually be stopped, although NOW no staff facilitates the prayer which of course is quite worrying. There are concerns that uniform will be targeted and adjustments in girls headscarves.

When Liam Byrne MP suggested, ‘the best in the businesses, was this in mind? Or were educationalists, people on financial backgrounds and community connected people?

The whole affair has been a mockery with now structures created putting head teachers first and children second. Speaking to many parents, the mood is starting to change as the new PVET board and DfE think they can walk all over parents, they may be in for a surprise.

Mohammed Ashraf Parent and Former Governor

Intriguingly I came across an article which confirming my suspicions as new officials running schools at the centre of the Trojan Horse scandal have been accused of dragging their feet over improvements.

Hodge Hill MP Liam Bryne said the confidence of parents with children at schools run by Park View Educational Trust had been “damaged once again” by a lack of “dialogue”.

All three of the group’s schools – Park View in Alum Rock, Nansen Primary in Saltley, and Golden Hillock in Sparkhill – were placed in special measures following snap Ofsted inspections triggered by claims of a plot by hardline Muslims to seize control.

The board of trustees was also replaced and Park View’s acting Principal Monzoor Hussain and Nansen deputy head Razwan Faraz were both suspended.

Mr Byrne wrote to education secretary Nicky Morgan demanding action to increase parental involvement in the schools by the start of the new academic year next week.

He told the Mail: “A lot of new as well as existing parents have been worrying about this over the summer and there has not been enough dialogue with them.

“Parents have not been given a strong enough voice.

“Now is the time to find a new way of working together.”

Writing to Ms Morgan, Mr Byrne said: “Given the acute need to rebuild trust, it would have been wisest to move during the summer to involve parents and set out a road map for parental involvement in trust and school governance.

“Instead, parents and I have had to press repeatedly for meetings to take place, for briefings to be issued and for a road map for parental involvement to be organised.

“As a result, parents’ confidence has been damaged once again, and an opportunity for a fresh start lost.

“I have three children in Birmingham schools, and I would not accept this situation for my children’s school.

“If it is not good enough for me, it is not good enough for these parents.”

His letter was also sent to Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Schools Lord Nash and the Department for Education’s academies advisor Colin Diamond, as well as Trust members.

A total of five Birmingham schools were placed in special measures following the Trojan Horse scandal.

A Government-ordered report, compiled by former anti-terror chief Peter Clarke, discovered “compelling evidence” of an attempt by hardline Muslims to “gain control” of school governing bodies.

Mr Clarke’s report said: “The clear conclusion is that the Park View Educational Trust has, in effect, become the incubator for much of what has happened and the attitudes and behaviours that have driven it.”

The Trust was unavailable for comment.

But a statement on its website said it planned to hold elections next month for a new governing body, including parent directors.

“We are very proud of our students and are grateful to the school community and for the immense support we have received from parents and community members,” said the statement.

After having enlightening discussion with my friend I could not help but to reflect on what had been said and wondered is this what the so called big society is all about with divide and rule why was nothing done before when the Birmingham Coalition was in power they did not investigate as it happened on their watch and looking on to this present coalition in my opinion they have not prosecuted anybody at present. secondly why was no head teachers brought to justices with our judicial system and lastly why are the children allowed to fail the system if this happens then the sad truth is as parents we have fail our children.

 

 

 

 

 

 

the right to strike will be put at risk via Conservatives


“The most potent weapon of the oppressor is the mind of the oppressed”.

 

 

What makes me laugh is the recent announcement from the Conservatives that they will raise the bar in regards the trade unions voting for strike action to 50%. They seem to forget that they did not have an overall majority in parliament and had to depend on their bedroom partner (LibDems) to form a coalition furthermore the turnout at the 2010 general elections was less than 50%. But hey who am I, I’m just a country pumpkin who knows nothing.

This just a ploy by the right wing coalition deflect from the real bread and butter issues which concerns the voters as Conservatives know that their days are numbered. Let’s not forget what Maggie Thatcher (decease) and Rupert Murdock both did to during the Coal Miners and Wapping disputes well done all in the name of the so-called Big Society, and what has the Big Society achieved in a nutshell more misery with job losses, introducing zero contracts, eroding terms and conditions to the working class, introducing the bedroom tax hitting the most vulnerable in society followed by the very cheek to say that we are all in it together.

There is real anger from voters they learn from the press, television and social media that it has been recommended by Marcial Boo, chief executive of the Independent Parliamentary Standards Authority (Ipsa), said MPs did an important job and should not be paid a “miserly amount”. Their pay will go up from £67,000 to £74,000 under Ipsa’s plan at a time when public sector pay rises were capped at 1%.

I am very clear in my mind that strikers don’t want to go on strike but circumstances outweighs when the cost of living continues to increase which the big six energy companies, bankers and our politicians are rubbing their grabby hands and having a real laugh at our expense whilst this coalition has created a partition between the well off and the poor in our society. No doubt the right wing will say find alternative employment to subsidies your income but in reality that is what the working class has been doing for centuries but in some cases they are still working for peanuts for greedy and unscrupulous employers on the grounds of they are fully aware that they can get away with it by exploiting the loopholes in our employment laws instead of paying a decent living wage.

I’m not surprised by what the Trade Union Congress (TUC) has done by branding Cameron a “Bullingdon bully” and pointed out that politicians are elected on much lower turn-outs than 50%. Unite, Labour’s largest financial backer, also released a Survation opinion poll suggesting that some of the union-bashing rhetoric of the 1970s and 1980s no longer instantly chimes with the public mood. The survey found the public backed the right to strike in the latest dispute by 61% to 31%, supported a £1-an-hour increase in council workers’ wages by 48% to 35%, and opposed public-sector real-terms pay cuts until 2018 by 56% to 25%.

I continue to endorse the quote from TUC Britain ‘becoming like Downton Abbey’

However, the Conservatives believe the promise to make it more difficult for workers to strike will appeal to their potential voters. Under the new measures due to be outlined this week, the conservatives will say they would:

Introduce a 50% turnout threshold for strikes. This will effectively mean any strike will need a double majority to be lawful: an absolute majority of those eligible to vote participating in the ballot and a simple majority in favour of industrial action.

Reform picketing rules to make the current code of practice on pickets legally binding, and make illegal picketing a criminal offence. This would not take away the right to picket, but it would limit how, where and why picketing can take place. The Conservatives claim they want to “better protect those who want to come to work”.

Force unions to provide specific details about the nature of the dispute and a requirement to vote on each aspect of the dispute. It would also require unions to set out clearly the form of the proposed action on the ballot paper (eg time of year, length).

Extend the notice period unions are required to give employers from seven days to 14 days before industrial action.

Remove the requirement to trigger action within four weeks of a ballot and set a firm time limit of three months on the duration of the mandate.

 

 

 

 

 

Is Multiculturalism dead or alive in UK?


What my understanding of Multiculturalism is the cultural diversity of communities within a given society and the policies that promote this diversity. As a descriptive term, multiculturalism is the simple fact of cultural diversity and the demographic make-up of a specific place, sometimes at the organizational level, e.g.,schools, businesses, neighborhoods, cities, or nations. As a prescriptive term, multiculturalism encourages ideologies and policies that promote this diversity or its institutionalization. In this sense, multiculturalism is a society “at ease with the rich tapestry of human life and the desire amongst people to express their own identity in the manner they see fit.”

Multicultural ideologies or policies vary widely, ranging from the advocacy of equal respect to the various cultures in a society, to a policy of promoting the maintenance of cultural diversity, to policies in which people of various ethnic and religious groups are addressed by the authorities as defined by the group they belong to.

Two main different and seemingly inconsistent strategies have developed through different government policies and strategies. The first focuses on interaction and communication between different cultures. Interactions of cultures provide opportunities for the cultural differences to communicate and interact to create multiculturalism. This approach is also often known as interculturalism. The second centers on diversity and cultural uniqueness. Cultural isolation can protect the uniqueness of the local culture of a nation or area and also contribute to global cultural diversity. A common aspect of many policies following the second approach is that they avoid presenting any specific ethnic, religious, or cultural community values as central.

The has been some negative debates around various social media, press, and Television on multiculturalism  and as usual there will be some people who are for and against it. Whilst some talk of going back to the good old days which I have question it as I try to look at the wider picture then came to conclusion which may not reflect my opinion but others. Yet there still many that will continue to give support to multiculturalism and people acknowledge that it still continues to evolve whilst some people are in constant denial that it exists on the grounds of it is not white working class enough, foreigners are taking our jobs, or they are taking our sons and daughters, ban the burka in public, and it’s a political ideology. Just look around there is so much diversity which enables UK to draw on its richness and wealth. Just think for one moment all sorts of people are attracted to this country which dates back to Romans Romanian, Slovakian Vikings, to the present that has contributed to our nation from the catering industries, car manufacturing, entertainment, fashion, employment, housing, IT, to name a few. 

Let us all remember our history for a moment that the archipelago has been referred to by a single name for over 2000 years: the term British Isles derives from terms used by classical geographers to describe this island group. By 50 BC Greek geographers were using equivalents of Prettanikē as a collective name for the British Isles. However, with the Roman conquest of Britain the Latin term Britannia was used for the island of Great Britain, and later Roman occupied Britain south of Caledonia. The oldest mention of terms related to Great Britain was by Aristotle (c. 384–322 BC), or possibly by Pseudo-Aristotle, in his textOn the Universe, Vol. III. To quote his works, “There are two very large islands in it, called the British Isles, Albion and Ierne”.

Pliny the Elder (c. AD 23–79) in his Natural History records of Great Britain: “Its former name was Albion; but at a later period, all the islands, of which we shall just now briefly make mention, were included under the name of ‘Britanniæ.

The name Britain descends from the Latin name for Britain, Britannia or Brittānia, the land of the Britons. Old French Bretaigne(whence also Modern French Bretagne) and Middle English BretayneBreteyne. The French form replaced the Old EnglishBreoton, Breoten, Bryten, Breten (also Breoton-lond, Breten-lond). Britannia was used by the Romans from the 1st century BC for the British Isles taken together. It is derived from the travel writings of the ancient Greek Pytheas around 320 BC, which described various islands in the North Atlantic as far north as Thule (probably Norway). Marcian of Heraclea, in his Periplus maris exteri, described the island group as αἱ Πρεττανικαὶ νῆσοι (the Prettanic Isles). The peoples of these islands of Prettanike were called the Πρεττανοί, Priteni or Pretani.[17] Priteni is the source of the Welsh language term PrydainBritain, which has the same source as the Goidelic term Cruithne used to refer to the early Brythonic speaking inhabitants of Ireland. The latter were later called Picts or Caledonians by the Romans.

The classical writer, Ptolemy, referred to the larger island as Great Britain (megale Britannia) and to Ireland as little Britain (mikra Brettania) in his work, Almagest (147–148 AD).  In his later work, Geography (c. 150 AD), he gave these islands the names Alwion[sic], Iwernia, and Mona (the Isle of Man), suggesting these may have been native names of the individual islands not known to him at the time of writing Almagest. The name Albion appears to have fallen out of use sometime after the Roman conquest of Great Britain, after which Britain became the more common-place name for the island called Great Britain.

After the Anglo-Saxon period, Britain was used as a historical term only. Geoffrey of Monmouth in his pseudohistorical Historia Regum Britanniae (c. 1136) refers to the island of Great Britain as Britannia major (“Greater Britain”), to distinguish it fromBritannia minor (“Lesser Britain”), the continental region which approximates to modern Brittany, which had been settled in the fifth and sixth centuries by Celtic immigrants from the British Isles.The term Great Britain was first used officially in 1474, in the instrument drawing up the proposal for a marriage between Cecily the daughter of Edward IV of England, and James the son ofJames III of Scotland, which described it as “this Nobill Isle, callit Gret Britanee.” As noted above it was used again in 1604, whenKing James VI and I styled himself “King of Great Brittaine, France and Ireland.”

The island was first inhabited by people who crossed over the land bridge from the European mainland. Human footprints have been found from over 800,000 years ago in Norfolk and traces of early humans have been found (at Boxgrove Quarry, Sussex) from some 500,000 years ago and modern humans from about 30,000 years ago.

Until about 14,000 years ago, Great Britain was joined to Ireland, and as recently as 8,000 years ago it was joined to the continent by a strip of low marsh leading to what are now Denmark and the Netherlands In Cheddar Gorge, near Bristol, the remains of animal species native to mainland Europe such as antelopesbrown bears, and wild horses have been found alongside a human skeleton, ‘Cheddar Man‘, dated to about 7150 BC. Thus, animals and humans must have moved between mainland Europe and Great Britain via a crossing. Great Britain became an island at the end of the Pleistocene ice age when sea level rose due to the combination of melting glaciers and the subsequent isostatic rebound of the crust.

Great Britain’s Iron Age inhabitants are known as the Britons, a group speaking a Celtic language. The Romans conquered most of the island (up to Hadrian’s Wall, in northern England) and this became the Ancient Roman province of Britannia. In the course of the 500 years after the Roman Empire fell, the Britons of the south and east of the island were assimilated or displaced by invading Germanic tribes (AnglesSaxons, and Jutes, often referred to collectively as Anglo-Saxons). At about the same time,Gaelic tribes from Ireland invaded the north-west, absorbing both the Picts and Britons of northern Britain, eventually forming the Kingdom of Scotland in the 9th century. The south-east of Scotland was colonised by the Angles and formed, until 1018, a part of the Kingdom of Northumbria. Ultimately, the population of south-east Britain came to be referred to, after the Angles, as theEnglish people.

Germanic speakers referred to Britons as Welsh. This term came to be applied exclusively to the inhabitants of what is now Wales, but it also survives in names such as Wallace and in the second syllable of CornwallCymry, a name the Britons used to describe themselves, is similarly restricted in modern Welsh to people from Wales, but also survives in English in the place name of Cumbria. The Britons living in the areas now known as Wales, Cumbria and Cornwall were not assimilated by the Germanic tribes, a fact reflected in the survival of Celtic languages in these areas into more recent times.  At the time of the Germanic invasion of Southern Britain, many Britons emigrated to the area now known as Brittany, where Breton, a Celtic language closely related to Welsh and Cornish and descended from the language of the emigrants, is still spoken. In the 9th century, a series of Danish assaults on northern English kingdoms led to them coming under Danish control (an area known as the Danelaw). In the 10th century, however, all the English kingdoms were unified under one ruler as the kingdom of England when the last constituent kingdom, Northumbria, submitted to Edgar in 959. In 1066, England was conquered by the Normans, who introduced a Norman-speaking administration that was eventually assimilated. Wales came under Anglo-Norman control in 1282, and was officially annexed to England in the 16th century.

On 20 October 1604 King James, who had succeeded separately to the two thrones of England and Scotland, proclaimed himself “King of Great Brittaine, France and Ireland”. When James died in 1625 and the Privy Council were drafting a proclamation,Thomas Erskine, 1st Earl of Kellie insisted that it use the phrase “King of Great Britain”, which James had preferred, rather than King of Scotland and England (or vice versa).[38] While that title was also used by many of his successors, England and Scotland each remained legally separate countries with their own parliaments until 1707, when each parliament passed an Act of Union to ratify the Treaty of Union that had been agreed the previous year. This created a united kingdom, with a single, united parliament, from 1 May 1707. Though the Treaty of Union referred to the new all-island state as the “United Kingdom of Great Britain”, many regard the term “United Kingdom” as being descriptive of the union rather than part of its formal name, which the Treaty stated was to be “Great Britain” without further qualification. Most reference books, therefore, describe the all-island kingdom that existed between 1707 and 1800 as the “Kingdom of Great Britain”.

 There are a lot of different cultures I think it’s worked really well. Sadly there some racists and fascist that spoils it for those of us who just want to get on with loving people. I make no apology for stating a fact that parliament does not fully represent all communities but it’s getting there. I feel this will change in the future with a more diversity on its way to fully represent multiculturalism and diversity in the House Of Commons. For those people who does not accept it ask yourselves  this question is it on the grounds that you look into the mirror and say to yourselves what have I achieved and what have I done to serve my community to improve it after you have answered the question look around your community and start to embrace multiculturalism and stop blaming foreigners who has helped to create this great nation of ours.

Has Stop and search become too excessive


‘Stop and Frisk’ May Be Working But Is It Racist”?

Home Secretary Theresa May, unveiled a series of measures which will scale back the way police can stop and search suspects. Tougher thresholds will mean officers in England and Wales are able to use the most controversial form of stop and search powers much less frequently.

In April Theresa May said use of stop and search had become an “unacceptable affront to justice” after Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Constabulary found that 27 per cent of searches did not contain reasonable grounds for suspicion. It meant more than 250,000 of the one million searches conducted last year could have been illegal, fuelling concerns that stop and search is used disproportionately against black and Asian people.

Mrs May said: “Nobody wins when stop and search is misused. It can be an enormous waste of police time and damage the relationship between the public and police.”
All 43 forces in England and Wales have signed up to the voluntary scheme and 24 forces will implement two key aspects immediately.

Firstly, the agreement restricts the controversial “no suspicion” powers, which allow officers to stop and search members of the public even when they do not suspect a crime has been committed.

A chief police officer must now believe it is “necessary” to authorise use of the so-called Section 60 powers because violence “will” take place.

Previously, use of the powers could be authorised by a much more junior officer when it was “expedient” to do so because they believed violence “may” occur – a much lower test.

In addition, the powers will now only be available for an initial 15 hours rather than the 24 hours allowed previously. In the second measure forces will have to record the outcome of searches in more detail.

Officers who carry out a stop and search will have to make a note of the outcome such as whether it led to an arrest, a caution or no further action.

Stop-and-searchRecently on UK social media there seemed to be a sudden influx of comments on Stop and Search people from all walks of life participated intriguingly there as always will be trolls who gives a one sided argument and never gives other a chance to answer the important question. I’m very clear of Stop and Search there are people who are discontent with being stop and search and the use of it being disproportionately used in certain communities. One was to ask themselves the question does the area has a medium, high, or low levels of crime in the area after all the police are just doing their job and in some cases acting on information that they have received and sometimes they get it wrong the police are only human and likewise are likely to make mistakes like all of us. I concur that at times that Stop and Search can be a deterrent and should be use proportionality in all communities

 A Stop and Search (either PACE s.1 or MDA s.23) is always recorded, in both the officer’s PNB and on a C12/C12a. Stop and account is also recorded in the same manner, with a copy of the record given to the person in question (you might be surprised to learn that many people refuse to accept it – we cannot force them to accept it, but in those circumstances, we annotate to that effect and keep the copy in our filing drawer accordingly). Stop and search of a vehicle is also recorded in the same manner. When a person is stopped, we are not permitted to ask then closed or certain questions relating to a specific offence; this would constitute an interview and a person would then become a suspect, at which point they are afforded additional rights. But during stop/accounts or stop/searches, we are able to ascertain the following:

What you are doing?

Where have you been?

Where you are going?

What you are carrying?

Further to the above, the carbonated C12 booklets that we carry are not serialised, so a further level of recording is required. Either using MDT (a portable laptop in the vehicle) or back at the Station we will update the incident with an additional reference number, which is obtained from our Crime Recording Office (this name is misleading; they are responsible for a whole host of criminal records responsibilities, part of which includes recording searches). The reference number (much like an incident number) has no bearing or relevance to crime; a search is not recorded as a crime, as I have said. A search may lead to a crime being recorded (i.e. stolen articles or drugs, etc. were found during the search) at which point another number relevant to the investigation would be created.

Here is an example shown how Stop and Search is worked:

All UK Forces post details online about the Stop and Search policy, including your rights during and after. This one is for South Yorkshire Police:
http://www.southyorks.police.uk/content/stop-and-search

Intriguingly in the United States A US Federal Judge found that stop-and-search tactics used by the New York Police Department have violated the constitutional rights of tens of thousands of citizens and are racist, and called for a federal monitor to oversee reforms to the policy.

Judge Shira A. Scheindlin ruled that police officers have been systematically stopping innocent people in the street without any objective evidence that they had been committing an offence. Cops usually searched young black and Latino men for weapons or drugs before letting them go.

The ruling follows a more-than-two-month non-jury trial. The 195 page decision found that in 88 percent of ‘stop and frisks’ the police ended up letting the person go without an arrest or a ticket.

The judge said this percentage was so high it suggested there was no credible reason to suspect someone of criminality in the first place.

She found that the stop-and-frisk-episodes had demonstrated a widespread disregard for the Fourth Amendment, which protects against unreasonable searches and seizures by the government, and also violated the 14th Amendment, which addresses citizens’ equal rights and protection under the law, regardless of their race or ethnicity.

Scheindlin also ruled that she would designate an outside lawyer, Peter L. Zimroth, a former corporate counsel and prosecutor in the Manhattan district attorney’s office, to monitor the NYPD’s compliance with the Constitution.  This will leave the New York police under a degree of judicial control that will doubtless shape policing policies under the next mayor.

“Far too many people in New York city have been deprived of this basic freedom far too often. The NYPD’s practice of making stops that lack individualized reasonable suspicion has been so pervasive and persistent as to become not only part of the NYPD standard operating procedure, but a fact of daily life in some New York City neighborhoods,” she said.

She added that the plaintiffs who had instigated the case “readily established that the NYPD implements its policies regarding stop and frisk in a manner that intentionally discriminates based on race.”

The stop-and-frisk incidents are part of incumbent Mayor Michael Bloomberg’s tough crime-fighting legacy, and although the number of people searched has soared over the last decade, crime has continued to fall since the 1990s.

Scheindlin heard evidence from a dozen black, Latino or biracial people who had been stopped by police as well as from statistical experts who had examined police paper work detailing some 4.43 million stops between 2004 and the middle of 2012. A number of police officers and commanders also gave evidence; typically they defended their own actions saying they only made the stops when they thought criminal activity was occurring.

The judge found that the New York police had overstepped their authority to briefly stop and investigate people who are behaving suspiciously and that in effect they were watering down the legal minimum standard required to stop someone.

Legal experts said that this was the largest and broadest-sweeping case against the US’s largest police force, and that this ruling may have an effect on how other police departments conduct street stops.

New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg has announced that he will appeal Judge Scheindlin’s ruling